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Establishing a smart contract commercial scenario: Chainlink, Zk-Snarks and sharding technology work together to make the ultimate killer

This text was translated from Chinese, open following link in Chrome and translate to see all images:
https://bihu.com/article/1242138347
EDIT: found an English text with pictures:
https://medium.com/@rogerfeng/making-smart-contracts-work-for-business-how-chainlink-zk-snarks-sharding-finally-delivered-8f268af75ca2
Author: Feng Jie translation: Liu Sha
“The highest state of technology is to integrate into the various scenes of everyday life, to fade away from high-tech outerwear and become a part of everyday life.” – Mark Weiser
People in the future will not even think that smart contracts are "innovative." By that time, smart contracts would permeate every aspect of life, and people couldn't even imagine what the era of non-digital currency would look like.
Later historians may divide human business history into two eras, the pre-smart contract era and the post-smart contract era. After all, digital money has brought unprecedented changes to the nature and patterns of business practices in the real world. An anonymous member of the Chainlink community once said: "Smart contracts can change the DNA of the business."
Of course, like all the technological revolutions of the past, smart contracts also need to reach a "tipping point" to truly achieve large-scale applications. So we need to ask ourselves two questions:
  1. What exactly is this so-called tipping point?
  2. As of August 2019, have we reached this tipping point?
To reach the tipping point means unlocking the ultimate nirvana of business.
Tipping point We can think about this issue from the perspective of mainstream companies. Imagine what a perfect smart contract platform should look like. What characteristics should this platform have? Or what features must be possessed?
To reach the tipping point, you must establish a public chain with the following four characteristics:
  1. Privacy protection
  2. In addition to the cryptocurrency, the transaction can also be settled in mainstream legal currency and comply with the regulatory requirements of financial markets such as ISO 20022.
  3. Achieve scalability without sacrificing decentralization or security, that is, solving the "impossible triangle problem."
  4. Connect the external data under the chain, that is, solve the "prophecy problem."
Now that we have Chainlink, zk-snarks and sharding technology, we have reached this tipping point.
Next, let's explore how this ultimate nirvana is actually made. Our discussion will be mainly from the perspective of Ethereum, which is still the top smart contract platform for community size and mainstream applications.
So what about the private chain?
Before delving into it, I want to take the time to solve an unavoidable problem. The mainstream view has always believed that the private chain is a more suitable solution for the enterprise. Therefore, we first dialectically analyze the two advantages and two major drawbacks of the private chain.
Disadvantages
  1. Centralization leads to relatively lower security
It's not surprising that IBM and Maersk's blockchain freight alliances have a hard time finding customers who are willing to join. How can other freight companies be willing to let their biggest competitors (Maersk) verify their trading data? Only madmen dare to do this.
  1. The staking of the horses occupy the hills:
This problem is even more serious than centralization. John Wolpert, co-founder of the IBM blockchain, wrote an excellent article called Breaking the Barriers to Realize Security: Why Companies Should Embrace the Ethereum Public Chain, which he covered in detail in the article.
If every company builds its own private chain, it will lead to chaos in the mountains. Today's B2B ecosystem is very complex. Imagine the innumerable private chains of the world intertwined to form a huge "spider web." This is not only cost-effective, but also not scalable.
The starting point of the blockchain is to break down barriers instead of building more barriers.
"One day, one of your big buyers called you to ask if you want to join their private chain. You promised. The next day you received a call from the wholesaler to ask you the same question. Then came the supplier, freight. Business, insurance company or even bank, and each company may have several private chains! Finally you have to invest a lot of time and cost to operate dozens of blockchains every day . If there are partners to let you join them at this time The private chain, you might say "Forget it, or fax me the order!" ”—Paul Brody (Ernst & Young)
“Every time you connect two private chains through a system integrator, you have to pay a lot of money .”
Advantage
  1. Scalability: With the Ethereum public chain implementing fragmentation technology, this advantage is rapidly shrinking.
  2. Privacy protection: At this stage, the classification of public chain / private chain is actually not very accurate. The Aztec , Zether, and Nightfall protocols (both based on the zk-snarks protocol) effectively provide a "private chain model" for the Ethereum public chain, allowing it to switch between the public and private chains. Therefore, a more accurate classification should be the alliance chain and the public chain.
By 2020, the label of the public chain/private chain will gradually disappear. The public and private chains will no longer be two opposing concepts. Instead, the concept of publicly traded/private transactions and confidential contracts/open contracts is changed, and the scope of these transactions and contracts varies according to specific needs, either bilaterally or multilaterally or even publicly.
All in all, the private chain has two major drawbacks compared to the public chain. Not only that, but the two major advantages of the private chain are also rapidly disappearing.
“Technology will evolve over time, so there will be a variety of solutions to solve existing problems. Ultimately, the public-chain platform will have the same performance, scalability and data privacy as the private chain, while at the same time ensuring security and Decentralized."
Feature 1: Privacy protection (predictive machine and public chain privacy)
Enigma founder Guy Zyskind once joked in his MIT graduation thesis that smart contracts can only become commercially valuable if they become "confidential contracts." He later proposed that zk-snarks and Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) are the most promising solutions. He said nothing wrong.
What is zk-snarks ? Zk-snarks is a zero-knowledge proof mechanism (ZPK). So what is the zero-knowledge proof mechanism? In short: a zero-knowledge proof mechanism allows you to prove that you own certain information without revealing the content of the information.
Vitalik Buterin explained this concept in detail from a technical point of view in an article published in 2017. Hackernoon also wrote an excellent article explaining the concept in an easy-to-understand way with the example of a five-year-old child and Halloween candy.
What is the trusted execution environment? The trusted execution environment lets the code run on closed hardware, and
1 ) The guarantee result cannot be tampered with
2 ) Protecting absolute privacy, even hardware running code can't get confidential information.
The most well-known trusted execution environment is Intel SGX. Chainlink has established a partnership with Intel SGX after acquiring Tom Crier.
Ernst & Young released the Nightfall agreement on Github on May 31, 2019. A well-known accounting firm with a history of 100 years will choose to add privacy features to the public chain instead of developing a private chain. This is a problem.
Since then, the community has been actively developing on this basis, not only to improve the code, but also to develop a plug-and-play Truffle Box for those who are not good at writing code. Blockchain communities and businesses generally rarely collaborate, so these collaborations fully demonstrate the popularity of Nightfall.
Prior to this, two zk-snark-based Ethereum public chain privacy protocols were introduced, namely AZTEC (Consensys) and Zether (Stanford, JPMorgan Chase). An obvious trend is slowly taking shape.
In the field of oracles, Chainlink uses both zero-knowledge proof and a trusted execution environment to complement each other. Trusted execution environments guarantee data privacy, even for nodes that cannot access data (this feature is critical for bank accounts and API keys).
Chainlink is still trying to implement a trusted execution environment, and nodes can access data temporarily, so authentication services are also needed. Although the credible execution environment is almost 100% foolproof, in theory, a strong shield has a spear that can penetrate it. Therefore, the team is currently trying to run zk-snarks in a trusted execution environment (Thomas Hodges mentioned this in the 2019 Trufflecon Q&A session). The combination of the two can form a very robust and complete system. The attacker must find a way to strip all the layers of an onion at the same time to make any effective attack (and it is already difficult to peel off a layer of skin).
“Chainlink combines a trusted execution environment with zero-knowledge proof to build what we call a defense-in-depth system, which means they provide all the tools needed for smart contract developers, including trusted execution environments, multiple nodes, and Data sources, fine margins, reputation systems, asymmetric encryption, zero-knowledge proofs, WASM, and OTP+RNG, these features allow smart contract developers to adjust the confidentiality and cost of contracts based on specific budget and security needs. Machine, Chainlink and its four major application scenarios》
In the future, zk-snarks may be upgraded to zk-starks (a fully transparent zero-knowledge proof mechanism) that protects the system from quantum computer attacks. And the best thing about zk-starks is that it's more scalable than zk-snarks. In other words, it can better protect privacy, and the cost of gas will not increase.
If you want to learn more about zk-starks, you can read a popular science article written by Adam Luciano.
Feature 2: Scalability (scalability of predictive machines and public chains) To understand this problem, we can make an analogy like this:
A public chain is like a large enterprise, and every employee (ie, a node) must attend each meeting (ie, confirm each transaction). Imagine how inefficient this company is! Only customers who have a lot of money (ie gas fees) can get their requests to the forefront. And this is not the most serious problem. The most serious problem is that the more employees (ie nodes) who join the company, the harder it is for the company to function properly! In the end, the company not only failed to expand linearly, but also became smaller and smaller. Although this guarantees decentralization and security to the greatest extent, the price is completely abandoning scalability.
There are various temporary fire fighting solutions, but no one solution can completely solve this "impossible triangle problem." For example, EOS uses the DPOS mechanism (share authorization certification mechanism), where only 21 super nodes (many of which are well-known nodes) are responsible for verifying all transactions.
Sidechains (such as Bitcoin's Lightning Network and Ethereum's lightning network) guarantee scalability and decentralization at the expense of security.
So how to use the fragmentation technology to solve this problem? Let's make another analogy:
In reality, there is only one company that is not too much to ask everyone to attend all meetings, that is, small start-ups (that is, private chains that limit the number of nodes).
In most cases, large companies divide employees into thousands of teams (ie, shards), and each team's principal (ie, the certifier) ​​is responsible for reporting to the senior management (ie, the main chain). If people from different teams need to collaborate (and sometimes also), then they can collaborate by cross-shard receipts. If a new employee joins the company, the team can be re-segmented (ie re-sharding). This allows for linear expansion.
In fact, the process of developing a start-up to a large enterprise is surprisingly similar to the process of Ethereum 1.0 developing into Ethereum 2.0.
“The Ethereum 1.0 period is that several people who are alone are trying to build a world computer; and Ethereum 2.0 will really develop into a world computer.” Vitalik Buterin said in the first piece of the workshop.
Since Ethereum was not originally built on the principle of fragmentation, it takes seven steps to achieve the goal (this is a bit like the word morphing solitaire game). The first step is planned for January 3, 2020.
At the same time, developers can use many other blockchain platforms designed based on the fragmentation principle. Some platforms, including Zilliqa and Quarkchain, are already compatible with Chainlink.
If you want to see more in-depth technical analysis of shards, check out an article by Ramy Zhang.
In the field of oracles, Chainlink has the following two characteristics:
1 ) Use Schnorr threshold signatures to quickly reach consensus in a cost-effective manner. The next version of the chain only needs 16,000 gas.
2 ) We have previously discussed the need to use trusted execution environment hardware to ensure that nodes cannot access sensitive data. Since you have hardware in your hand, you can use it to do some actual computing work, so that you can properly reduce the amount of computation on the smart contract platform.
"With the SGX system (Town Crier) and zero-knowledge proof technology, the oracle can be truly reliable and confidential, so the boundaries between the oracle and the smart contract are beginning to flow... Our long-term strategy... is to let The predictor becomes the key chain of computing resources used by most smart contracts. We believe that the way to achieve this goal is to perform chain operations in the oracle to meet various computing needs, and then send the results to the smart contract."Chainlink White Paper, Section 6.3 (26 pages)
Of course, this “long-term strategy” has certain risks, unless Chainlink can implement a trusted execution environment and its service provider ecosystem can achieve a qualitative leap. However, the Chainlink team's vision is absolutely forward-looking: under-chain computing is a key factor in ensuring that blockchains are not dragged down by large amounts of IoT data.
The Internet of Things has dramatically increased the current state of big data. At present, most of the data is still generated on the software side, and it is not real-time data, and most of the data in the future will be real-time data generated on the sensor side. One of the big drawbacks of real-time data is that it increases storage pressure. For example, Coughlin Associates expects an unmanned car to generate 1G of data per second. This means that the same car will produce 3.6T data per hour!
The only viable solution is to do real-time analysis of the data, rather than storing the data first. In the Global Cloud Index: 2016-2021 Forecast and Methodology White Paper, Cisco predicts that more than 90% of data in 2021 will be analyzed in real time without storage.
That is to say, the essence of data is that it can only exist in just one instant. The nature of the blockchain is not to be modified, so the two are as incompatible as water and oil.
The solution is to analyze the raw data under the chain, extract the meaningful results and send them to the blockchain. The combination of fragmentation technology and trusted execution environment forms a new computing architecture, similar to the cloud computing-fog computing-edge computing architecture.
It should be noted here that it is good to improve computing power, but this is not the main purpose of the blockchain.
The fundamental purpose of the blockchain is not to reduce the original cost of computing and data storage. After all, technology giants such as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, Salesforce, Tencent, Alibaba, and Dropbox have built world-class cloud services. The centralized server wins high computational efficiency (but the blockchain will greatly improve the computational efficiency through fragmentation technology, and will catch up with it one day). The value of the blockchain is to reduce the cost of building trust. Nick Szabo calls it "social scalability" (this is a relative concept to the "operational" scalability we have been talking about). Vitalik Buterin also made it clear that the meaning of smart contracts is to accept small arithmetic delay penalties in exchange for a substantial reduction in "social costs."
Alex Coventry of the Chainlink team once raised the question: "We have missed many opportunities for cooperation and reciprocity because we can't confirm whether the other party will fulfill the promise?"
Is there any potential for data storage projects like Siacoin and IPFS? What about decentralized computing projects like SONM and Golem?
Siacoin 's core value proposition is not that its computing efficiency is higher than traditional cloud services. The cost of computing is required to split, repeat, and reassemble data. And companies are more capable of buying the latest and greatest hardware than individuals. Siacoin's core value proposition is to process data in an Airbnb-like mode, so management fees will be lower than traditional models. It also generates additional social value, such as flood control, privacy and security, and anti-censorship.
The same is true of Golem and SONM. Even with the most efficient protocol, it is inevitable that a small amount of delay will be imposed and fined to coordinate the hardware of different geographical locations. Therefore, under the condition that all other conditions are equal, the centralized hardware still has the advantage of faster computing speed. However, the core value proposition of the above project is to use the Airbnb-like model to reduce management costs.
We must strictly distinguish between "social scalability" and "operational scalability", and the two cannot be confused. I will explain these two concepts in detail when I discuss "Magic Bus and Lightweight Library" later.
Feature 3: Compatible with legal currency
Most mainstream companies do not regard cryptocurrencies as "real currencies." In addition, even if someone wants to use cryptocurrency for trading, it is very difficult to actually operate because of its high price volatility. I discussed the “price volatility problem” in detail in Chapters 8 and 9 of the previous article. These problems do not completely erase the existence value of cryptocurrencies, because cryptocurrencies also have many advantages that legal currency does not have. I am just emphasizing what we need to know more about the comfort zone of mainstream companies.
Chainlink acts as a universal API connector that triggers open banking payments. Chainlink is fully compliant with ISO 20022 and has established a long-term partnership with SWIFT (it is worth mentioning that SWIFT has not been updated for a long time and hopes to be updated after the SIBOS 2019 conference).
PSD2 will take effect on September 14, 2019. All banks in the EU will all comply with this new regulation by then. In other words, the bank must put all account data in the "front end" and can be called through the API. The approved third party (ie, the Chainlink node) can trigger the payment directly without the payment service provider.
Although the United States and Japan have not adopted similar laws, many banks still spontaneously promote the development of open banks. Banks open APIs to third-party developers to create new revenue streams and customer experiences that ultimately increase profitability. In addition, this will allow banks to better respond to competitors in the mobile payment and financial technology sectors in an APP-centric economic model.
As this open banking revolution continues, Chainlink will connect smart contracts with the world's major currencies (US dollar, euro, yen, etc.).
Only one external adapter is required to connect to the authenticated API. From a programming perspective, it is relatively simple to allow everyone in the community to contribute code to the code base (and thus achieve scalability). Chainlink has released adapters for PayPal and Mister Tango (European version of PayPal).
Feature 4: Data connection with the chain
Chainlink has been working on solving the "prophecy problem" and successfully succeeded on the main online line on May 30, 2019.
Chainlink has made many achievements in just a few months. Provable (formerly Oraclize) was successfully used on the Chainlink node and finally settled the debate about whether the predictor should be centralized or decentralized.
Synthetic Ether lost 37 million Ethercoins in a hack because it did not connect to Chainlink. Fortunately, the money was finally recovered and did not cause any loss. This lesson illustrates the importance of decentralized oracles.
In addition, both Oracle and Google have partnered with Chainlink to monetize their API data and create a virtuous circle to capture the market opportunities that Facebook missed.
There are new nodes coming online every week, and the network activity has been very high. The Chainlink team maintains a list of certified nodes in the documentation and Twitter releases. Twitter user CryptoSponge also set up a new development for the Tableau push update Chainlink team:
Regarding the importance of the current stage in the history of blockchain development, Brad Huston summed it up very brilliantly:
"The biggest problem with cryptocurrencies is to build bridges between cryptocurrencies, fiat currencies and big data. Chainlink is very beautifully narrowing the distance between the three. Now it can even be said: 'The bridge has been built.'"
Magic bus and lightweight library
Let's summarize what we discussed earlier. The real purpose of the blockchain is to reduce the cost of building trust and achieve "social scalability."
Therefore, according to this logic, the main application scenarios of platforms such as Ethereum 2.0 and Zilliqa should be in the B2B field. I quote a sentence I wrote in a previous article:
“My conclusion is: If the smart contract is successful, it will also succeed in the B2B field first.”
The private chain itself is self-contradictory and destined to fail. It has led to the phenomenon of occupying the hills, thus increasing the social cost, which is in opposition to B2B itself, and ultimately it is self-restraint. ”
Before the emergence of fragmentation technology, even simple games (ie, etheric cats) could not be smoothly run on the public chain, let alone dealing with complex B2B contracts and even changing commercial DNA. With the sharding technology, everything is ready.
Despite this, we can't use Ethereum 2.0 as an all-powerful platform. Just now we said that although it is a good thing to speed up the calculation, this is not the real purpose of Ethereum 2.0. And before we also said that due to the irreversible modification of the blockchain, it is not good to deal with a large number of fleeting real-time data of the Internet of Things. In other words, we must be soberly aware that Ethereum 2.0 will not replace traditional web 2.0. Instead, we should make better use of the real advantages of Ethereum 2.0:
“There is a new concept now, that is to think of the Ethereum main network as a global bus... We use the Ethereum 2.0 main network to treat various business resources as a working group on Slack: it can be easily built and integrated. And restructuring. The SAP inventory management system in your company, the dealer's JD Edwards ERP system, and the financial technology partner's tall blockchain system can seamlessly interface, eliminating the need to develop an infrastructure specifically for each partner." - John Wolper describes his ideal "magic bus"
Ethereum 2.0 should be an integration center, not a data center or computing center. It should be a library built specifically to store B2B contract terms (to be honest, even with fragmentation technology, the amount of data is large enough).
We should not expect Ethereum 2.0 to be an all-powerful platform, but rather develop it into a "lightweight library."
If we reorder the pyramid model just now, the architecture of the magic bus is obvious:
Of course, the positional relationship in the above model is not static. With the development of 5G technology, edge computing and IoT sensors, they may bypass the cloud to directly interact (or even bypass the fog end). If the collaboration between Iotex and Chainlink is successful, then the edge can interact directly with the trusted execution environment.
Time will tell if Airbnb's shared data storage and computing model can make management costs lower than the current mainstream Web 2.0 model. Time will also prove whether the market really needs anti-censorship, anti-tampering, security protection and privacy protection. Do users really care about these social values ​​and are willing to pay for them? Do they think these are just the icing on the cake or the most fundamental value?
in conclusion
Whether it is the battle between web2.0 and web3.0 or the battle between cryptocurrency and legal currency, one thing is beyond doubt:
We have reached the tipping point, and the era of smart contracts with commercial value has arrived.
In fact, the only problem at the moment is the time issue, and the main roadblocks have been basically cleared.
  1. When will Ethereum 2.0 finish these 7 stages and be officially released?
  2. When will Chainlink use a trusted execution environment on a large scale? If the cooperation between Intel SGX and Town Crier fails, what alternative plans are there? Will Chainlink communicate with other blockchain teams that plan to use a trusted execution environment (such as Dawn Song's Oasis Labs)?
At present, the main technical problems in the ecosystem have been solved, and now it is only necessary to recruit a group of enthusiastic developers to do the work of “connecting the line”.
Digital currency has changed commercial DNA, and the future is full of possibilities.
The only thing that hinders us now is our own imagination. The future is infinitely imaginative, and the future will be the world of developers. Dapps is already overwhelming. There is no doubt that we have found the ultimate nirvana.
This text was translated from Chinese, open following in Chrome and translate to see all images:
https://bihu.com/article/1242138347
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Let us not forget the original reason we needed the NYA agreement in the first place. Centralization in mining manufacturing has allowed for pools to grow too powerful, granting them the power to veto protocol changes, giving them bargaining powers where there should be none.

SegWit2x through the NYA agreement was a compromise with a group of Chinese mining pools who all march to the beat of the same drum. Antpool, ViaBTC, BTC.TOP, btc.com, CANOE, bitcoin.com are all financially linked or linked through correlated behavior. Antpool, ConnectBTC and btc.com being directly controlled by bitmain, and ViaBTC and Bitmain have a "shared investor relationship". If bitmain is against position A, then all those other pools have historically followed its footsteps. As Jimmy Song explains here the NYA compromise was because only a small minority of individuals with a disproportionate amount of hashrate were against Segwit (Bitmain and subsidiaries listed above), where the rest of the majority of signatories of NYA were pro-segwit. The purpose of the compromise was to prevent a chain split, which would cause damage to the ecosystem and a loss of confidence in bitcoin generally.
At current time of calculation, according to blockchain.info hashrate charts, these pools account for 47.6% of the hashrate. What does it matter if these pools are running a shell game of different subsidiaries or CEO's if they all follow a single individual's orders? 47.6% is enough hashrate right now to preform a 51% attack on the network with mining luck factored in. This statistic alone should demonstrate the enormous threat that Bitmain has placed on the entire bitcoin ecosystem. It has compromised the decentralized model of mining through monopolizing ASIC manufacturing which has lead to a scenario in which bitcoins security model is threatened.
But let us explore the reasoning behind these individuals actions by taking a look at history. First, Bitmain has consistently supported consensus breaking alternative clients by supporting bitcoin classic, supporting Bitcoin Unlimited and its horrifically broken "emergent consensus" algorithm, responding to BIP148 with a UAHF declaration, and then once realizing that BIP148/BIP91 would be successful at activating Segwit without splitting the network Bitmain abandoned its attempt at a "UAHF", and admitted that bitcoin cash is based on the UAHF on their blog post. The very notion of attempting to compromise with an entity to prevent a split that is supporting a split is illogical by nature and a pointless exercise.
Let us not forget that Bitmain was so diametrically opposed to Segwit that it sabatoged Litecoins Segwit Activation period to prevent Segwit from activating on Litecoin. Do these actions sound like a rational actor who has the best interests of bitcoin at heart? Or does this sound like an authoritarian regime that wants to stifle information at any cost to prevent the public from seeing the benefits that SegWit provides?
But the real question must still be asked. Why? Why would Bitmain who is so focused on increasing the blocksize to reduce fee pressure delay a protocol upgrade that both increases blocksize and reduces fee pressure? If miners are financially incentivized to behave in a way in which is economically favorable to bitcoin, then why would they purposefully sabatoge protocol improvements that will increase the long term success survival of bitcoin?
There is plenty of evidence that suggests covert ASICBOOST, a mechanism in which a ASIC miner short cuts bitcoins proof of work process (grinding nonce, transaction ordering) and an innovation that Bitmain holds a patent for in China is the real reason Bitmain originally blocked SegWits activation. It was speculated by Bitcoin Core developer Gregory Maxwell that this covert asicboost technology could earn Bitmain 100 Million dollars a year.
It is notable that Hardfork proposals that Bitmain has supported, such as Bitcoin Classic, Bitcoin Unlimited, Bitcoin ABC/Bcash and now SegWit2x all preserve Bitmains covert asicboost technology while Segwit the soft fork breaks asicboosts effectiveness.
But if that is not enough of a demonstration of rational economic incentives to behave in such a way, then what about irrational reasons such a idelogical positions or pride?
Its no secret that Chinese miners dislike for bitcoin core matured when the Hong Kong agreement was broken. Many miners have consistently rationlized "firing bitcoin core developers" and we even have a direct account from a bitpay employee that said Jihan directly told him that is his purpose is to "get rid of blockstream and core developers". And while the Hong Kong agreement being broken is quite the muddied waters, there is proof in the blockchain that chinese miners were the first to break the terms of the agreement by mining a block with a alternative client. Some bitcoin core developers continued to work on HardFork proposals despite this, offering up public proposals, BIPs and released code to attempt to satisfy the terms of the agreement. Yet only in hindsight did everyone realize that no individual or individuals can force the entire bitcoin network to upgrade. It is only through the slow methodical process of social consensus building that we can get such a large decentralized global network to agree to upgrade the protocol in a safe manner. Yet to this day we still have bitter idelogical wars over this HK agreement "being broken" despite how long ago, and how clear the situation is in hindsight.
When you take into account the historical record of these individuals and businesses actions it clearly demonstrates a pattern of behavior that undermines the long term health of bitcoin. When you analyze their behavior from a rational economic viewpoint, you can clearly see that they are sabatoging the long term health of bitcoin to preserve short term profits.
Considering this information, why would other bitcoin ecosystem businesses "compromise" with such a malicious actor? Let us not forget that these actors were the entire reason we needed to compromise in the first place went ahead and forked the bitcoin network already creating the first bitcoin-shared-history altcoin, Bitcoin ABC. So we compromised with people to prevent the spliting of bitcoin, so that they could go ahead and split bitcoin? What illogical insanity is this? Why would you "stick to your guns" on an agreement that was nullified the moment Bitmain and ViaBTC supported a hardfork outside of the S2X agreement? Doubly questionably is your support when the hardfork is highly contentious and guaranteed to cause a split, damage bitcoin, create chaos and damage global confidence.
A lot of the signatories of the NYA agreement are payment processors and gateway businesses. Their financial health depends upon short term growth of bitcoin to increase business activity and shore up investors capital with revenue from that transactional growth. Their priorities are to ensure short term growth and to appease their investors. But their actions demonstrate a type of cause and effect that often occurs in markets across the world. By redistributing network resource costs to node operators they are simply shuffling costs to the public so that they can benefit in the short term without needing to allocate extra capital.
But these actions do not benefit the health of bitcoin long term. Splitting the network, once again, does not increase confidence in the bitcoin network. It does not foster growth. Increasing the blocksize after segwit already increases the blocksize will not get us any closer to VISA transaction levels from a statistical viewpoint. Increasing the TPS from 3 to 7 when we need to get to 30,000 TPS is quite an illogical decision at face value. Increasing the blocksize on-chain to get to that level would destroy any pretense at decentralization long before we even came close, and without decentralization we have no cenosorship resistence, fungibility. These are fundamental to the value of bitcoin as a network and currency. Polymath and industry wide respected crypto expert Nick Szabo has written extensively on scaling bitcoin and why layer 2 networks are essential.
To all the Signatories of the SegWit2X I ask you - What are you trying to accomplish by splitting bitcoin once again? What consensus building have you done to ensure that bitcoin wont suffer a catastrophic contentious hard fork? As it stands right now I only see a portion of the economic actors in the bitcoin ecosystem supporting S2X. No where near enough to prevent miners from supporting the legacy chain when there will be a large portion of the economy still operating on the legacy chain preserving its value. Where there is money Its going to be extremely difficult to topple the status quo/legacy network and the cards are stacked against you. Without full consensus from the majority of developers, economic actors/nodes, exchanges, payment processors, gateways, wallets....you will only fork yourself from the legacy network and reap destruction and chaos as the legacy chain and S2X battle it out.
If you truly support bitcoin and are dedicated to the long term success of bitcoin and your business, then why would you engage/compromise with demonstratably malicious actors within the bitcoin ecosystem to accomplish a goal that was designed by them to further monopolize/centralize their control, at the destruction of bitcoins security model?
Bitcoin core developers are actually positive on hardforks and want to eventually increase the legacy blocksize, they just wish to do it in a responsible manner that does not put the network at risk like SegWit2x does.
Also, it seems a rational engineering choice to optimize and compress transactions/protocols before increasing the blocksize. Things like SegWit, Schnorr, MAST are all great examples of things Bitcoin Core has done and is doing to increase on-chain scaling technology to the long term benefit of bitcoin.
The fate of bitcoin will be determined by users who choose when how and where they transact. If businesses attempt to force them on the S2X chain they will abandon those businesses to use a servicor that does not attempt through coercion to force them upon a specific forked network.
Finally, without replay protection there can be no clean split and no free market mechanism to determine the winner. I understand that this is purposefully designed this way, to force a war between the legacy chain and S2X, but if you stand for everything bitcoin stands for, then you as central actors will not try to force people onto your chain. Instead, you should allow the market to decide which chain is more valuable.
If you will not abandon this poisonous hardfork pill then please advocate/lobby to add default replay protection to the btc1 codebase. You cannot claim Free Market principals and then on the other side of your mouth collude with central actors to force protocol changes upon users. Either you believe in bitcoin, or you are here to join the miners in their poorly disguised behaviors to monopolize, subvert and sabatoge bitcoin.
submitted by Cryptolution to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Consensus 2018 Report (Continuous Updates Through May 17th)

Happy Wednesday! We are live!
Consensus Short Statistics
State of Blockchain
Don Tapscott
-"We are entering a new era of trust"
-Generally remarked on the benefits of blockchain. Identified the 7 types of crypto assets (Currencies, Collectibles, Stablecoins, Natural Asset Tokens [Representing minerals, water], Utility Tokens, and Security Tokens.)
FedEx
As I remarked in my comment earlier, FedEx is incredibly bullish on blockchain technology generally, but specifically in it's applications for cross-border shipping and asset-tracking. As I learned, the definition of what constitutes a "coffee cup" differs from place to place. Using blockchain, Smith says, FedEx can protect against unforeseen obstacles at customs. "Information about the package is as important as the package itself," he claims, further adding that the risk of experimenting with cryptocurrency is "de minimis" when compared to its alternative. During the session, FedEx unveiled "Trons", bluetooth-enabled sensors integrated with blockchain first announced in 2016.
Jim Bullard, St. Louis Fed
Fantastic, informational lecture regarding the history of currency and how civilizations have reacted to various implementations. Generally, Bullard notes, humans want a uniform currency. He compared cryptos with state/provincial bank notes, citing the problems faced with exchange, regulation, and value verification. We haven't yet realized this problem with cryptocurrencies since the market cap is relatively small.
Insightful statistics about and charts comparing GDP to the inflation/exchange rates of the DollaYen. Surprisingly, the volatility charts look worse than Bitcoin. Catch all of these when the videos are released later this week.
Summarizing, Bullard claimed that there will be a plurality of coins sharing the ecosystem, each providing a specific use. The Federal Reserve will likely mint a fiat/cryptocurrency that represents a stable stock of U.S. dollars sometime in the mid term future.
Jed McCaleb
I spoke with Jed of the Stellar Foundation. This is a Bitcoin subreddit, so I'll skip this part. You can find the full transcript of his thoughts here.
Charlie Lee and David Schwarz
Both spoke on a panel about interoperability between Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ripple, etc. Developers better understand that most cryptocurrencies can interface as long as they use the same "hooks". Schwartz compared this ideal system akin to TCP-IP; a minimal framework making as few technological demands as necessary.
An ecosystem with multiple coins utilizing different security protocols and consensus mechanisms is "good for Bitcoin". In a theoretical world where power becomes abundant, what happens to PoW? We want the ability to migrate to a new protocol without upending the entire financial system. In a world where security is compromised, redundancy is critical.
Lee sees UI as the next significant hurdle. Not for speculators, but for mom-and-pop investors without much tech savvy.
TxTenna
-Hardware to expand and facilitate mesh networks.
-Even if you own Bitcoin, transfer can be censored/inhibited through the network communicating the transaction to the blockchain.
-Using mesh networks, we bypass many of these constraints dealing directly with sovereign ISP's.
-This is fantastic for Bitcoin users in 3rd world countries/those with oppressive regimes. I will leave this to your imagination.
RSK
-Smart contract platform on top of the Bitcoin protocol. -Ecosystem challenges (Tx costs, security, scalability) -Tx cost is $0.035 - +10% hashing power -Up to 100 tps. -Next -Payment channels (Lumino) -Predicability (Fiat-based fees) -Decentralization (BTC and RSK full-node rewards) -Interoperability (inter-blockchain integration) 
I'm sorry if you find this post lacking/off topic. Attempted to refine down to only what might be relevant to a Bitcoin trader. Even if Bitcoin isn't specifically mentioned, many of these innovations/philosophies will apply to the crypto space generally and, thus, to Bitcoin.
It's already the end of Day 2 and I'm finishing the write-up for D1. I'll compile D2 and D3 for brevity's sake. Most of this news is now relatively (a day) old.
Thanks for your attention and help supporting the crypto revolution.
P.S. "Where is my Consensus boost!? I thought BTC should be $10k by now!"
Historically, the Consensus Boost happens several weeks after the event, likely as news disseminates.
OH FUCK
I FORGOT
Joseph Lubin bets BlockChain Capital's Jimmy Song, "any amount of Bitcoin" that blockchain will have widespread enterprise adoption within 5 years
Day 2
Will try an update. Sitting through, eToro will be opening business in the United States, launching a wallet shortly after. Users can view successful traders' profiles and subscribe to their trades, copying them second-by-second.
Circle announces a USD stablecoin and crypto wallet.
HTC announces a crypto phone.
Deloitte releases preview of cryptocurrency report, shows majority of companies pursuing blockchain.
-"But this is just blockchain". Yes, and a rising tide lifts all ships.
The Magical Crypto Friends Live From Consensus. Warning, shitty audio.
-Founders of several currencies (Litecoin, Monero) discuss Buffett, Bitcoin, and other BS. 56 minute duration. For the hardcore.
Day 3
Alright!
Ledger
-Announcing a consortium for investors/institutions who manage multiple accounts. Today, Ledger Nano S is really only useful to the individual owner.
-Called, "Komino"? (Japanese Script).
-Isn't this compromising the dream of Satoshi? Speaker thinks no. The dream is that everyone can use Bitcoin as they see fit. Large companies can have positions in Bitcoin without changing the life of crypto maximalists who can still use cryptocurrencies.
-Bankers have the right to "Go full Moon and lambos".
Polymath
-The next big wave in crypto are Security Tokens.
-Real estate, equity in companies.
-Amongst crypto VC founders, Security Tokens will comprise 50-90% of the crypto market in the coming years. Currently, the share is approximately 1%.
-You can create a security token right now. Log on here and try the demo.
-First blockchain telegram to reach 50,000 users.
-Integrating with tZero. All new securities should have liquidity out of the box.
-ST-20. A security token standard designed to ameliorate many of the issues with fragmented ICO's.
-Launching a ST Venture Fund, "Polymath Capital".
-New CoinMarketCap competitor. "Tokens.com". Perhaps they'll finally force some innovation on the CMC side.
-Polymath 2.0 TestNet now live.
BlockStack
-Internet 3.0 is here. Mesh networks, decentralized data, crypto assets. We are not storing data with companies anymore, we are personally responsible. One day, we will have a universal ID that removes the need for a rolodex of passwords, usernames, and security questions.
-BlockStack members advise on Silicon Valley. Fun fact.
-Infrastructure and speculative investment grew from less than $100B in January, to $100B in May, and, finally, over $600B by November.
-Sounds like a dApp talk. They're making iTunes for dApps. I'll come back when he says, "Bitcoin".
Jack Dorsey and Elizabeth Stark
-Jack first heard of Bitcoin in St. Louis via a group of Cypherpunks.
-Appreciated the complexity of code, but didn't realize the potential just yet.
-Met some engineers who wanted to build a Bitcoin solution for Square. Buyers/sellers could accept Bitcoin without knowing they were using Bitcoin.
-Community "felt like Usenet" as it developed between 2014 and 2017. "Felt electric".
-Claimed Square's strengths are speed and simplicity. Credit cards are complex and often emotional. Talking about the Cash app, the goal is to revisit the coffee purchase of old and make it feasible using Bitcoin.
-"We have evidence to show people are using this as their primary spending account, their primary bank account, and, in some cases, their only bank account."
-"We have people that have been blocked from entering the financial industry." Even merchants had problems accepting payments. "Reaching the underserved, reaching the unbanked", he says, feels good.
-On Square adopting Bitcoin. "It was certainly contentious within our company." "I guess we always take the mindset that we can't wait for things to happen to us...If we want responsible uses...then we have to make that happen, we have to do the work to educate regulators, educate the SEC, show that we can provide more access to more people...give people a chance to participate in the economy...still a lot of disagreements and fights, but that's where the magic happens. We really push through, and this tested us. There was certainly a spotlight on us because of that fact, but there are a lot of unknowns. We ran towards them."
-On the future, the potential of Bitcoin. "The internet deserves a native currency. It will have a native currency. I don't know if it will be Bitcoin or not, but I hope it will be. I appreciate the technology so much; the principles behind it. Using the guide that the Internet will have a global currency...it's going to happen. As a company, as individuals, we need to learn how to make that happen. The biggest thing I worry about as a company is there is so much openness within the community, I hope nothing corporate will come in and threaten it." Protecting the open-source nature of the work. "This is a discussion I have a lot with Mike and the team. No one company or corporation should own this. This is the main question of everyone I meet in the community. We have a completely open mindset to ensure this remains a completely open platform. Let's not wait for it to happen. Let's do our part to encourage it to be used in healthy ways and ensure that everyone has access to it. If we ever go astray call us out. We can't do any of this without the technology being strong and available to everyone."
-"Obviously we are a centralized organization that benefits from decentralization. It's a theme of conversation within our organization and we're looking to decentralize our workforce. Cash is an interesting application in our company." Going to Australia next week to check in with the local team there. They are agnostic on what locale partners decide to nest in.
-Large corporate HQ's like Twitter and Square, "are a thing of the past". People will be able to work from wherever they please.
-"Nobody is going to a bank for a $6,000 loan. They're going to friends and family." They can all be served with this technology.
-Hesitates to make articulated 5-10 year predictions, prefers patience and iterating as each year develops. "We want to go back to the original idea of being able to purchase a coffee with it. That's why we're working with you. Whatever it takes to get there, we're going to try and make it happen." Encouraging more access to the financial space is the primary objective of the Square organization.
-"Over the past two years since we've really pushed our way into this, I've felt that electricity"
-Elizabeth Stark feels like she's living through the mid-90's again, "In a positive way".
-Stark is an optimist. "Really seeing the value behind the means of transacting without a middle party." It wasn't until Satoshi's whitepaper did we have the means to build a solution to this problem.
-"Our goal with Lightning is to enable an application layer like the Internet". -Stark
-On potential, compelling apps built on Bitcoin. "As I said, there's just so much to trust, to identity, to decentralizing almost everything we use today in a centralized way. We get the power of the crowd, the ability to see so many amazing perspectives and opinions to make our answers much better. I don't think about that as much as I think about what we need to focus on."
-On what they need to focus on. "There's a desire for more. There's definitely an incentive to hold the technology and encourage a mindset of saving rather than spending. But making it easier to spend, easier to transact, easier to do the everyday is what we need to focus on. We aren't necessarily going to be the company that comes up with the right frameworks or technologies, but I'm confident we'll be part of facilitating the process."
-The ultimate relationship with a regulator is that of education, Dorsey claims.
-On becomng a global company. "If we were ever able to use it as a payment mechanism today, we could release it all over the world opposed to the 5 markets we're in today. With each market, we have to find a banking partner, work through the regulatory." Only way to accept credit cards in Japan involved a 15-minute interview with an official. There is a large amount of legacy legislation that hampers adoption.
-On the next steps of democratizing finance. "Hardest part is continuing this conversation...certainly the regulatory bodies around the world, the banks..." Slowly but surely, Square is converting Goldman Sach's-types, showing them the reasons behind the movement. Having, "healthy discussions at the board level."
-On advice getting started in the industry. "Follow the conversation on Twitter, first and foremost. (laughter) And not just follow." When he first followed the industry, he felt like he had nothing to contribute. Join the conversation, express a point of view. "So many people fear expressing an opinion...instead of treating it like a conversation". "While you follow these conversations--jump in. People are going to think you're weird, they'll disagree with you, but you'll sharpen your opinions...find where they resonate." Pursue success from there.
BCash
I visited the BCash table and asked the representative to respond to claims that the company was causing label confusion amongst BTC and BCH. She locked up, asked if I was press, and, "was not at liberty to discuss the topic".
Scam. Scam. Scam. Did I say scam?
That's it for Bitcoin! Thanks for playing Consensus 2018!
I have tons of photos to upload, which I'll share in the Daily General Discussion as they come online.
submitted by MysteriousBarber to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

[uncensored-r/Bitcoin] Let us not forget the original reason we needed the NYA agreement in the first place. Centralizat...

The following post by Cryptolution is being replicated because some comments within the post(but not the post itself) have been silently removed.
The original post can be found(in censored form) at this link:
np.reddit.com/ Bitcoin/comments/7160gs
The original post's content was as follows:
SegWit2x through the NYA agreement was a compromise with a group of Chinese mining pools who all march to the beat of the same drum. Antpool, ViaBTC, BTC.TOP, btc.com, CANOE, bitcoin.com are all financially linked or linked through correlated behavior. Antpool, ConnectBTC and btc.com being directly controlled by bitmain, and ViaBTC and Bitmain have a "shared investor relationship". If bitmain is against position A, then all those other pools have historically followed its footsteps. As Jimmy Song explains here the NYA compromise was because only a small minority of individuals with a disproportionate amount of hashrate were against Segwit (Bitmain and subsidiaries listed above), where the rest of the majority of signatories of NYA were pro-segwit. The purpose of the compromise was to prevent a chain split, which would cause damage to the ecosystem and a loss of confidence in bitcoin generally.
At current time of calculation, according to blockchain.info hashrate charts, these pools account for 47.6% of the hashrate. What does it matter if these pools are running a shell game of different subsidiaries or CEO's if they all follow a single individual's orders? 47.6% is enough hashrate right now to preform a 51% attack on the network with mining luck factored in. This statistic alone should demonstrate the enormous threat that Bitmain has placed on the entire bitcoin ecosystem. It has compromised the decentralized model of mining through monopolizing ASIC manufacturing which has lead to a scenario in which bitcoins security model is threatened.
But let us explore the reasoning behind these individuals actions by taking a look at history. First, Bitmain has consistently supported consensus breaking alternative clients by supporting bitcoin classic, supporting Bitcoin Unlimited and its horrifically broken "emergent consensus" algorithm, responding to BIP148 with a UAHF declaration, and then once realizing that BIP148/BIP91 would be successful at activating Segwit without splitting the network Bitmain abandoned its attempt at a "UAHF", and admitted that bitcoin cash is based on the UAHF on their blog post. The very notion of attempting to compromise with an entity to prevent a split that is supporting a split is illogical by nature and a pointless exercise.
Let us not forget that Bitmain was so diametrically opposed to Segwit that it sabatoged Litecoins Segwit Activation period to prevent Segwit from activating on Litecoin. Do these actions sound like a rational actor who has the best interests of bitcoin at heart? Or does this sound like an authoritarian regime that wants to stifle information at any cost to prevent the public from seeing the benefits that SegWit provides?
But the real question must still be asked. Why? Why would Bitmain who is so focused on increasing the blocksize to reduce fee pressure delay a protocol upgrade that both increases blocksize and reduces fee pressure? If miners are financially incentivized to behave in a way in which is economically favorable to bitcoin, then why would they purposefully sabatoge protocol improvements that will increase the long term success survival of bitcoin?
There is plenty of evidence that suggests covert ASICBOOST, a mechanism in which a ASIC miner short cuts bitcoins proof of work process (grinding nonce, transaction ordering) and an innovation that Bitmain holds a patent for in China is the real reason Bitmain originally blocked SegWits activation. It was speculated by Bitcoin Core developer Gregory Maxwell that this covert asicboost technology could earn Bitmain 100 Million dollars a year.
It is notable that Hardfork proposals that Bitmain has supported, such as Bitcoin Classic, Bitcoin Unlimited, Bitcoin ABC/Bcash and now SegWit2x all preserve Bitmains covert asicboost technology while Segwit the soft fork breaks asicboosts effectiveness.
But if that is not enough of a demonstration of rational economic incentives to behave in such a way, then what about irrational reasons such a idelogical positions or pride?
Its no secret that Chinese miners dislike for bitcoin core matured when the Hong Kong agreement was broken. Many miners have consistently rationlized "firing bitcoin core developers" and we even have a direct account from a bitpay employee that said Jihan directly told him that is his purpose is to "get rid of blockstream and core developers". And while the Hong Kong agreement being broken is quite the muddied waters, there is proof in the blockchain that chinese miners were the first to break the terms of the agreement by mining a block with a alternative client. Some bitcoin core developers continued to work on HardFork proposals despite this, offering up public proposals, BIPs and released code to attempt to satisfy the terms of the agreement. Yet only in hindsight did everyone realize that no individual or individuals can force the entire bitcoin network to upgrade. It is only through the slow methodical process of social consensus building that we can get such a large decentralized global network to agree to upgrade the protocol in a safe manner. Yet to this day we still have bitter idelogical wars over this HK agreement "being broken" despite how long ago, and how clear the situation is in hindsight.
When you take into account the historical record of these individuals and businesses actions it clearly demonstrates a pattern of behavior that undermines the long term health of bitcoin. When you analyze their behavior from a rational economic viewpoint, you can clearly see that they are sabatoging the long term health of bitcoin to preserve short term profits.
Considering this information, why would other bitcoin ecosystem businesses "compromise" with such a malicious actor? Let us not forget that these actors were the entire reason we needed to compromise in the first place went ahead and forked the bitcoin network already creating the first bitcoin-shared-history altcoin, Bitcoin ABC. So we compromised with people to prevent the spliting of bitcoin, so that they could go ahead and split bitcoin? What illogical insanity is this? Why would you "stick to your guns" on an agreement that was nullified the moment Bitmain and ViaBTC supported a hardfork outside of the S2X agreement? Doubly questionably is your support when the hardfork is highly contentious and guaranteed to cause a split, damage bitcoin, create chaos and damage global confidence.
A lot of the signatories of the NYA agreement are payment processors and gateway businesses. Their financial health depends upon short term growth of bitcoin to increase business activity and shore up investors capital with revenue from that transactional growth. Their priorities are to ensure short term growth and to appease their investors. But their actions demonstrate a type of cause and effect that often occurs in markets across the world. By redistributing network resource costs to node operators they are simply shuffling costs to the public so that they can benefit in the short term without needing to allocate extra capital.
But these actions do not benefit the health of bitcoin long term. Splitting the network, once again, does not increase confidence in the bitcoin network. It does not foster growth. Increasing the blocksize after segwit already increases the blocksize will not get us any closer to VISA transaction levels from a statistical viewpoint. Increasing the TPS from 3 to 7 when we need to get to 30,000 TPS is quite an illogical decision at face value. Increasing the blocksize on-chain to get to that level would dest...
submitted by censorship_notifier to noncensored_bitcoin [link] [comments]

Ceci N’est Pas Une Pipe

In 1928–9, the Belgian surrealist Rene Magritte created a masterpiece painting called “The Treachery of Images,” a painting of a simple carved wood pipe with a subtitle that translates as “This is not a pipe.”
 
His message has been interpreted that language and images are both representations of reality, but neither of them are reality itself. The famous pipe. How people reproached me for it! And yet, could you stuff my pipe? No, it’s just a representation, is it not? So if I had written on my picture ‘This is a pipe’, I’d have been lying!
— René Magritte Source: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Treachery_of_Images
 
In our highly connected society, we often make the leap from the word that describes an object to the image of that object to the object itself all of the time. And that shorthand means that we ascribe attributes to things based on the words and images we have created, even when those representations are truly not the reality of the object.
 
For example, the blockchain industry has been in the news a lot lately. Five years ago, Bitcoin was most famous as a secretive alternative to traditional currency, with very low awareness outside of the crypto tech and underground “sin commerce” communities. Over the past two-three years, as the number of Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) has exploded, one of the most common analogies has become that of hacker theft of the proceeds showing the immaturity and “Wild West”-like character of the industry, as the total market capitalization for these alternative currencies and tokens has approached and surpassed $100 billion. By 2016, bitcoin has become accepted in mainstream businesses, including Uber, Swiss Railway, Steam, and dozens of retailers in Japan.
 
Today, there are hundreds of entities promoting blockchain businesses that cover almost every aspect of life, from environmental cleanup projects to international funds transfer to gambling to digital medical records. Last year, it seemed that nearly every venture proposal started as “We are going to Uber for XXX industry;” this year, hundreds of companies are saying “We are Blockchain for XXX industry.” And so, over the past 12 months, hundreds of companies that have emerged have largely been successful at raising $100,000 to $10 million for tokens associated with whatever proposition they are pitching. It can sometimes seem that there is no limit to the range of things that might be done with an immutable ledger for microtransactions. Welcome to the top of the hype cycle.
 
But what about real world problems? What about solving some challenges associated with the accepted structure of today’s industries? Blockchain technologies have unique benefits for decentralized marketplaces — businesses like exchanges where buyers and sellers meet. Where many centralized exchanges offer rapid trade confirmations, there are also many that feature long delays and uncertainty. While most blockchain exchanges have very limited capacity as compared to traditional exchanges, the decentralized blockchain versions tend to be far cheaper and can be faster.
 
Digital streaming technology has transformed both the music and the film industries, but they have mostly served to increase the level of control of the major content distribution organizations. The music industry was decimated by the shift from CDs to digital downloads, and the creative destruction was driven by the return to sales of singles instead of full-length albums with 6–10 songs that people didn’t really want. Why spend $14.99 when you can spend $0.99 for the song you really want? The growth of a new streaming segment — personalized radio stations like Spotify, Apple Music, and Pandora — has been a bright growth point in an otherwise declining industry. In the film industry, DVD sales peaked in 2004 and have been declining in value ever since; the industry attempts to maintain high price points with Blu-Ray versions and extra interactive content attached to DVD sales have been a disappointment. But again, there is growth in one segment — digital streaming from libraries of films.
 
Most of the disrupting digital streaming market is controlled by four companies: Alphabet (YouTube), Amazon, Hulu, and Netflix. Amazon and Netflix are deploying a model that blends film production and distribution, so it is natural that they will highlight their own content ahead of content from other sources. Google and Hulu are content distribution facilitators; Hulu is owned jointly by the major film and television studios and plans to enable live TV streaming later this year for customers that have “cut the cable,” while Google leverages advertising potential based on its strong knowledge of each person’s interests honed from years of search expertise. And these four companies are increasing their share as smaller or less focused competitors have been stumbling and retrenching. Verizon’s Go90 and AT&T’d DirecTV have both stepped back from their aggressive streaming service expansion plans in the face of sustained losses. But these are all centralized systems that continue to reward publishers of blockbuster content, not the thousands of films created each year by passionate artists who are trying to tell a different kind of story. Each of these major streaming film companies maintains deep catalogs of content, with thousands of movies of all genres, but the recommendation engines are designed to promote the most popular films, along with the films or series that the studios most wish to make successful. The marketing budgets drive viewership, and only the blockbusters have strong marketing budgets.
 
What is an independent filmmaker to do? StreamSpace proposes to launch a marketplace for independent films that puts the power of distribution into the hands of the filmmakers themselves, offering viewers new ways to explore new films and find great entertainment options that would otherwise go undiscovered. To do this, we cannot rely on the traditional centralized model for storage and account control. Instead, we use the blockchain as a method of enabling thousands of people to share small amounts of storage on their computers and to enable rapid download of fragments of film content that are reassembled in a unique player.
 
Come spend time with us and see what a decentralized streaming platform can do to give you control over your own distribution and engagement with your viewers.
submitted by streamspace to StreamSpace [link] [comments]

Ceci N’est Pas Une Pipe

In 1928–9, the Belgian surrealist Rene Magritte created a masterpiece painting called “The Treachery of Images,” a painting of a simple carved wood pipe with a subtitle that translates as “This is not a pipe.”
 
His message has been interpreted that language and images are both representations of reality, but neither of them are reality itself. The famous pipe. How people reproached me for it! And yet, could you stuff my pipe? No, it’s just a representation, is it not? So if I had written on my picture ‘This is a pipe’, I’d have been lying!
— René Magritte Source: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Treachery_of_Images
 
In our highly connected society, we often make the leap from the word that describes an object to the image of that object to the object itself all of the time. And that shorthand means that we ascribe attributes to things based on the words and images we have created, even when those representations are truly not the reality of the object.
 
For example, the blockchain industry has been in the news a lot lately. Five years ago, Bitcoin was most famous as a secretive alternative to traditional currency, with very low awareness outside of the crypto tech and underground “sin commerce” communities. Over the past two-three years, as the number of Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) has exploded, one of the most common analogies has become that of hacker theft of the proceeds showing the immaturity and “Wild West”-like character of the industry, as the total market capitalization for these alternative currencies and tokens has approached and surpassed $100 billion. By 2016, bitcoin has become accepted in mainstream businesses, including Uber, Swiss Railway, Steam, and dozens of retailers in Japan.
 
Today, there are hundreds of entities promoting blockchain businesses that cover almost every aspect of life, from environmental cleanup projects to international funds transfer to gambling to digital medical records. Last year, it seemed that nearly every venture proposal started as “We are going to Uber for XXX industry;” this year, hundreds of companies are saying “We are Blockchain for XXX industry.” And so, over the past 12 months, hundreds of companies that have emerged have largely been successful at raising $100,000 to $10 million for tokens associated with whatever proposition they are pitching. It can sometimes seem that there is no limit to the range of things that might be done with an immutable ledger for microtransactions. Welcome to the top of the hype cycle.
 
But what about real world problems? What about solving some challenges associated with the accepted structure of today’s industries? Blockchain technologies have unique benefits for decentralized marketplaces — businesses like exchanges where buyers and sellers meet. Where many centralized exchanges offer rapid trade confirmations, there are also many that feature long delays and uncertainty. While most blockchain exchanges have very limited capacity as compared to traditional exchanges, the decentralized blockchain versions tend to be far cheaper and can be faster.
 
Digital streaming technology has transformed both the music and the film industries, but they have mostly served to increase the level of control of the major content distribution organizations. The music industry was decimated by the shift from CDs to digital downloads, and the creative destruction was driven by the return to sales of singles instead of full-length albums with 6–10 songs that people didn’t really want. Why spend $14.99 when you can spend $0.99 for the song you really want? The growth of a new streaming segment — personalized radio stations like Spotify, Apple Music, and Pandora — has been a bright growth point in an otherwise declining industry. In the film industry, DVD sales peaked in 2004 and have been declining in value ever since; the industry attempts to maintain high price points with Blu-Ray versions and extra interactive content attached to DVD sales have been a disappointment. But again, there is growth in one segment — digital streaming from libraries of films.
 
Most of the disrupting digital streaming market is controlled by four companies: Alphabet (YouTube), Amazon, Hulu, and Netflix. Amazon and Netflix are deploying a model that blends film production and distribution, so it is natural that they will highlight their own content ahead of content from other sources. Google and Hulu are content distribution facilitators; Hulu is owned jointly by the major film and television studios and plans to enable live TV streaming later this year for customers that have “cut the cable,” while Google leverages advertising potential based on its strong knowledge of each person’s interests honed from years of search expertise. And these four companies are increasing their share as smaller or less focused competitors have been stumbling and retrenching. Verizon’s Go90 and AT&T’d DirecTV have both stepped back from their aggressive streaming service expansion plans in the face of sustained losses. But these are all centralized systems that continue to reward publishers of blockbuster content, not the thousands of films created each year by passionate artists who are trying to tell a different kind of story. Each of these major streaming film companies maintains deep catalogs of content, with thousands of movies of all genres, but the recommendation engines are designed to promote the most popular films, along with the films or series that the studios most wish to make successful. The marketing budgets drive viewership, and only the blockbusters have strong marketing budgets.
 
What is an independent filmmaker to do? StreamSpace proposes to launch a marketplace for independent films that puts the power of distribution into the hands of the filmmakers themselves, offering viewers new ways to explore new films and find great entertainment options that would otherwise go undiscovered. To do this, we cannot rely on the traditional centralized model for storage and account control. Instead, we use the blockchain as a method of enabling thousands of people to share small amounts of storage on their computers and to enable rapid download of fragments of film content that are reassembled in a unique player.
 
Come spend time with us and see what a decentralized streaming platform can do to give you control over your own distribution and engagement with your viewers.
submitted by streamspace to Filmmakers [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: dashpay top posts from 2015-03-20 to 2017-03-29 17:32 PDT

Period: 739.86 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 8315
Rate (per day) 1.35 11.23
Unique Redditors 259 989
Combined Score 20654 19292

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 3781 points, 205 submissions: tungfa
    1. Dash Version 12.1 Release (48 points, 15 comments)
    2. Inside DASH: Is DASH A Better Alternative To Bitcoin? (38 points, 7 comments)
    3. The biggest Russian off-line crypto-exchange has started working with DASH (38 points, 0 comments)
    4. Dash iOS Wallet back on iTunes ! (37 points, 18 comments)
    5. Dash added to cryptocurrency derivative trading platform BitMEX (32 points, 19 comments)
    6. 100 hrs after Dash 12.1 Launch = 98% - 100% Miner Support ! (31 points, 16 comments)
    7. Dash To Become The First Alternative To Bitcoin Offered By The Lamassu ATM Project (31 points, 4 comments)
    8. Dash: Filling the gaps in the Bitcoin protocol through an enhanced incentive mechanism and decentralized governance (31 points, 3 comments)
    9. Jaxx Blockchain Wallet now supports Dash ! (31 points, 3 comments)
    10. - - Dash 0.12.1.4 - - (Minor Update - No Sentinal Changes - Not mandatory but "encouraged to update”) (30 points, 5 comments)
  2. 2566 points, 104 submissions: Amanda_B_Johnson
    1. Apple. We're Digital Currency Experts Now. (67 points, 25 comments)
    2. DASH’s. Best. Day. Yet. | DASH: Detailed (65 points, 31 comments)
    3. 'We're Doing the Planning That Takes Us to 1 Billion" - Ryan Taylor, Dash Director of Finance (55 points, 40 comments)
    4. Why Aren't We Seeing Greater Adoption of Cryptocurrency? [Bountied reading of Ryan's TNABC presentation] (53 points, 17 comments)
    5. How Does Dash's DAO Work? | DASH: Detailed (39 points, 6 comments)
    6. Is There a Maximum Coin Supply in Dash? | DASH: Detailed (39 points, 10 comments)
    7. Proposal: Dash's Very Own YouTube Show (39 points, 17 comments)
    8. 12.1.4 Coming | WoC in China | The Ol' Hold-Steady -- DASH: Detailed (38 points, 17 comments)
    9. All six episodes of DASH School are released! It's blockchains & Dash explained with no prior knowledge required. Can be completed in under an hour. (37 points, 7 comments)
    10. Welcome, newcomers. Here are some resources for ya! (37 points, 10 comments)
  3. 720 points, 34 submissions: Basilpop
    1. Roger Ver is bombarded with lies about Dash's "weak privacy". Let me destroy that allegation... (53 points, 36 comments)
    2. Dash just broke 70 Million US Dollar Marketcap first time in its history! (40 points, 5 comments)
    3. PSA: "SPORK_8_MASTERNODE_PAYMENT_ENFORCEMENT": true (33 points, 5 comments)
    4. Dash is now the 4th largest cryptocurrency in the world - Just shot past Litecoin (31 points, 7 comments)
    5. A Call For Kraken To Add Dash For Trading | Open Letter to Jesse Powell, CEO at Kraken (29 points, 7 comments)
    6. Dash has surpassed Litecoin in transaction volume (26 points, 6 comments)
    7. Why Dash Dislodged Ethereum Classic From Number 6 Place On CoinMarketCap (26 points, 3 comments)
    8. [IMPORTANT] DON'T just download and install the new client. You must follow the instructions! (25 points, 16 comments)
    9. Official Dash Core 12.1 Evolution Upgrade Thread (23 points, 14 comments)
    10. Welcome new users! Let's have an AUA (Ask Us Anything) - We will answer all your questions so fire away! (23 points, 71 comments)
  4. 433 points, 19 submissions: Dashriprok
    1. Why Dash is the Most Sybil Attack-Resistant Cryptocurrency (40 points, 11 comments)
    2. Dash @ $25.23 and just past Monero for the Number 5 spot. (34 points, 10 comments)
    3. Dash to partner with BlockCypher (32 points, 0 comments)
    4. Goldmoney Accepts Dash for Purchasing Gold (31 points, 4 comments)
    5. Dash breaks $24 (27 points, 39 comments)
    6. Dash now available to Buy or Sell at "Wall of Coins" (26 points, 4 comments)
    7. Dash teams up with BlockPay to enable point of sale purchases in over 36 countries (26 points, 0 comments)
    8. DashPay HD Point Of Sale (23 points, 4 comments)
    9. Charlie Shrem Sponsors Dash MasterCard (22 points, 3 comments)
    10. Dash partners with Major exchange gains access to FIAT trading (22 points, 2 comments)
  5. 424 points, 15 submissions: goto1415
    1. I did my first @Dashpay payment yesterday. I moved $100K for ~0.3 cents, and was confirmed in the next block. Bitcoin used to work that well - Roger Ver on Twitter (88 points, 20 comments)
    2. Dash #3 in Marketcap - just getting started... (44 points, 53 comments)
    3. Big Bitcoiners see the advantages of Dash (36 points, 26 comments)
    4. Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Dash Cryptocurrency w Amanda B Johnson (34 points, 3 comments)
    5. Dash Altcoin Continues Epic Bull Run; Sets Several All-Time Records - Bitcoinist.com (28 points, 0 comments)
    6. Bitcoin entrepreneur Charlie Shrem joins the Dash Slack. (27 points, 3 comments)
    7. Monero Vs. Dash, Simple Comparison (27 points, 23 comments)
    8. To Celebrate $100 Mark, DASH: Detailed Goes Live (27 points, 6 comments)
    9. Dash hits $100. Will it overtake Bitcoin? (19 points, 5 comments)
    10. Op Ed: A Closer Look Into DASH (Part 1) (19 points, 6 comments)
  6. 371 points, 21 submissions: TheDashGuy
    1. TNABC Miami - Evan Duffield Keynote (29 points, 1 comment)
    2. Dash: The Original DAO (Share Please) (26 points, 2 comments)
    3. Remote Dash n' Drink Purchase using Dash's InstantX (24 points, 14 comments)
    4. Dash. Take back YOUR privacy. (22 points, 0 comments)
    5. Upvote the DashTipBot Posts & Tips Please! (21 points, 49 comments)
    6. This seems fitting, no? (20 points, 0 comments)
    7. Whats up with Kraken not having Dash? (20 points, 10 comments)
    8. Integrate Dash [DASH] functionality into Tutanota (17 points, 2 comments)
    9. Ughhh /Bitcoin is so unfair... sigh. (17 points, 8 comments)
    10. (Twitter Post) #Dash, almost like a Swiss Bank account in your pocket, or anywhere else you need it! #DashDC #Bitcoin #Tech #Crypto (16 points, 7 comments)
  7. 330 points, 11 submissions: TrustThyself
    1. Will Cryptocurrency Ever Get Its Killer App? Amanda B. Johnson presents at Anarchapulco (43 points, 6 comments)
    2. 12.1 Support Party, Apple-Jaxx Update, & International Girls | DASH: Detailed (39 points, 6 comments)
    3. Bitcoin's Bubble vs. Dash's Killer App: Amanda B. Johnson at UNM (39 points, 23 comments)
    4. Network Switch, General Bytes, & Testnet Slots | DASH: Detailed (37 points, 1 comment)
    5. Dash Did Not Move Inverse to Bitcoin's Rocket This Week... Interesting (30 points, 1 comment)
    6. The Dash Network is Worthy of Attack! | DASH: Detailed (28 points, 5 comments)
    7. Dash Open House March 30th at SkySong with Ryan Taylor, Evan Duffield & Amanda B. Johnson. All are invited! (27 points, 4 comments)
    8. It's Q4 2016, So Where Is Bitcoin's Consumer Demand? -- Dash on Nasdaq (25 points, 7 comments)
    9. DASH: Detailed Investor Report #4 (23 points, 4 comments)
    10. Dash Open House this Thursday in Scottsdale, AZ! (22 points, 4 comments)
  8. 305 points, 16 submissions: itscrazybro
    1. Now that Apple has approved Monero, we can throw away the suspicion that we were not approved due to privacy concerns (36 points, 34 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Realises it's Centralised as Dash Votes on its Monthly Direction (26 points, 7 comments)
    3. Another article on Nasdaq, good work Wachsman PR (24 points, 1 comment)
    4. At this rate, Dash now has a monthly budget of $120,000 USD! (23 points, 3 comments)
    5. Dash Releases Software Upgrade in Sweeping Redesign (22 points, 0 comments)
    6. Cryptocurrencies that pay a dividend (20 points, 0 comments)
    7. Spend Dash – Dash's very own business directory is now online (19 points, 5 comments)
    8. Why Dash Should be a Big Part of every Cryptocurrency Investors Portfolio (19 points, 9 comments)
    9. Just sold the remainder of my Bitcoin (18 points, 15 comments)
    10. Completing our transition to becoming a digital currency company (not just a Bitcoin company) (17 points, 5 comments)
  9. 296 points, 15 submissions: eric_sammons
    1. Daily Decrypt: How to Prevent the Hostile Takeover of the Blockchain - Dash Goverance (29 points, 10 comments)
    2. Apple vs. Dash: The Importance of Privacy (26 points, 10 comments)
    3. The Dash Masternode Network: A Response to Critics (26 points, 6 comments)
    4. Review of the Dash Budget System, the First Blockchain-based Decentralized Governance System (25 points, 11 comments)
    5. Fulfilling Satoshi’s Vision (22 points, 3 comments)
    6. An Honest Assessment of Dash, Today’s Hottest Cryptocurrency (21 points, 10 comments)
    7. Bitcoin.com: DASH-Powered Soda Machine to Debut at Miami Bitcoin Conference (19 points, 6 comments)
    8. Keep track of the latest voting on budget proposals! (18 points, 7 comments)
    9. Rise of the Machines: Blockchain-Based Governance (18 points, 7 comments)
    10. Bitcoin is Sick. Will It Heal, Be Amputated, or Die? (Dash mentioned) (17 points, 2 comments)
  10. 287 points, 18 submissions: dashpaymagazine
    1. John MCAfee meets DashNDrink - Closer shot (25 points, 0 comments)
    2. Shakepay Dash Cards: An Interview With Jean Amiouny (22 points, 4 comments)
    3. Dash with InstantSend, A New Name But The Same Ground Breaking Technology (21 points, 1 comment)
    4. Dash’s DAO At 10 Months: a Progress Report by Amanda B.J (21 points, 0 comments)
    5. Dash Scam Alert: Dash-wallet.com (18 points, 4 comments)
    6. The DashCast Ep.02 – Interview with Amanda B. Johnson (17 points, 1 comment)
    7. Bitcoin, Dash and Litecoin Analysis (July 5) | Crypto Technical (16 points, 6 comments)
    8. Jaxx Provides A Disguise as Dash gets on iOS? (16 points, 2 comments)
    9. Dash’s PrivateSend: What makes Digital Cash Fungible (15 points, 1 comment)
    10. Bitcoin Bull Flag and Dash Analysis | Crypto Technical Analysis (14 points, 3 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Basilpop (1628 points, 561 comments)
  2. Amanda_B_Johnson (1138 points, 498 comments)
  3. tungfa (566 points, 277 comments)
  4. ashmoran (455 points, 178 comments)
  5. TheDashGuy (433 points, 194 comments)
  6. Bitcoin_Chief (373 points, 141 comments)
  7. wackyD1982 (321 points, 159 comments)
  8. TaoOfSatoshi (279 points, 108 comments)
  9. dashtipbot (273 points, 174 comments)
  10. SilentLennie (251 points, 120 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Why dash REALLY exploded in price by ChooseAgodAndPray (96 points, 85 comments)
  2. I did my first @Dashpay payment yesterday. I moved $100K for ~0.3 cents, and was confirmed in the next block. Bitcoin used to work that well - Roger Ver on Twitter by goto1415 (88 points, 20 comments)
  3. DASH Market Cap Surpasses LTC by dashingtomars (74 points, 27 comments)
  4. Apple. We're Digital Currency Experts Now. by Amanda_B_Johnson (67 points, 25 comments)
  5. Jaxx: "Apple has accepted Dash into their App Store as an "approved" cryptocurrency" by bmed4u (67 points, 20 comments)
  6. DASH’s. Best. Day. Yet. | DASH: Detailed by Amanda_B_Johnson (65 points, 31 comments)
  7. Dash has joined the Jaxx family (Official Announcement) by adiiorio (64 points, 35 comments)
  8. (Pre-Proposal) DASHPayCard - DASH Branded Debit Card + Fiat/Dash Integration by Bitcoin_Charlie (57 points, 36 comments)
  9. DASH Breaks $30 by dashingtomars (56 points, 51 comments)
  10. 'We're Doing the Planning That Takes Us to 1 Billion" - Ryan Taylor, Dash Director of Finance by Amanda_B_Johnson (55 points, 40 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 29 points: deleted's comment in Welcome new users! Let's have an AUA (Ask Us Anything) - We will answer all your questions so fire away!
  2. 25 points: Bitcoin_Chief's comment in Tone Vays predicts that someone is going to hack and take all of the dash out of the masternodes(1:18:30).
  3. 25 points: Jaxx_adiiorio's comment in Jaxx on Twitter: "This weekend we're giving away 200 DASH ($2400US), to participate have Jaxx installed (all but iOS) & @Dashpay wallet active. More into to come."
  4. 24 points: D-Lux's comment in I'm quitting Bitcoin and joining Dash
  5. 24 points: __technoir__'s comment in 'We're Doing the Planning That Takes Us to 1 Billion" - Ryan Taylor, Dash Director of Finance
  6. 23 points: EncryptionPrincess's comment in 'Ask ABJ!' -- Amanda Answers 18 Questions From Viewers
  7. 21 points: Stereoscopic_Salute's comment in Where are you coming from newcomers?
  8. 21 points: stealth923's comment in Tone Vays predicts that someone is going to hack and take all of the dash out of the masternodes(1:18:30).
  9. 21 points: wsmithston's comment in With current price Dash's budget allows us to hire 70 developers/testers with 120k$/year salary. No other cryptocurrency can achieve this level of independence from third parties (like Blockstream in BTC).
  10. 20 points: COHthebestRTS's comment in 18 Dollar Hype!
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: dashpay top posts from 2016-03-30 to 2017-03-29 23:35 PDT

Period: 364.11 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 8178
Rate (per day) 2.75 22.40
Unique Redditors 282 978
Combined Score 18856 18752

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 2923 points, 178 submissions: tungfa
    1. Dash Version 12.1 Release (48 points, 15 comments)
    2. Dash iOS Wallet back on iTunes ! (40 points, 18 comments)
    3. The biggest Russian off-line crypto-exchange has started working with DASH (38 points, 0 comments)
    4. Dash added to cryptocurrency derivative trading platform BitMEX (33 points, 19 comments)
    5. - - Dash 0.12.1.4 - - (Minor Update - No Sentinal Changes - Not mandatory but "encouraged to update”) (32 points, 5 comments)
    6. 100 hrs after Dash 12.1 Launch = 98% - 100% Miner Support ! (32 points, 16 comments)
    7. Jaxx Blockchain Wallet now supports Dash ! (31 points, 3 comments)
    8. Bitfinex now opened margin trading for Dash (30 points, 11 comments)
    9. Dash's Ryan Taylor at TNABC Bitcoin Miami 2017 (30 points, 11 comments)
    10. DASH Business Development Strategy Update - FEB 2017 (29 points, 15 comments)
  2. 2730 points, 119 submissions: Amanda_B_Johnson
    1. Apple. We're Digital Currency Experts Now. (65 points, 25 comments)
    2. DASH’s. Best. Day. Yet. | DASH: Detailed (62 points, 31 comments)
    3. 'We're Doing the Planning That Takes Us to 1 Billion" - Ryan Taylor, Dash Director of Finance (53 points, 40 comments)
    4. Why Aren't We Seeing Greater Adoption of Cryptocurrency? [Bountied reading of Ryan's TNABC presentation] (50 points, 17 comments)
    5. Is There a Maximum Coin Supply in Dash? | DASH: Detailed (40 points, 10 comments)
    6. Amanda to Present Evolution at Anarchapulco's “Cryptopulco” (39 points, 9 comments)
    7. 12.1.4 Coming | WoC in China | The Ol' Hold-Steady -- DASH: Detailed (37 points, 17 comments)
    8. EVERYTHING You Need to Know About Dash in Under 3 Minutes! (37 points, 3 comments)
    9. Something DASHOUS This Way Comes (37 points, 17 comments)
    10. Welcome, newcomers. Here are some resources for ya! (37 points, 10 comments)
  3. 652 points, 30 submissions: Basilpop
    1. Roger Ver is bombarded with lies about Dash's "weak privacy". Let me destroy that allegation... (49 points, 36 comments)
    2. Dash just broke 70 Million US Dollar Marketcap first time in its history! (40 points, 5 comments)
    3. PSA: "SPORK_8_MASTERNODE_PAYMENT_ENFORCEMENT": true (33 points, 5 comments)
    4. A Call For Kraken To Add Dash For Trading | Open Letter to Jesse Powell, CEO at Kraken (28 points, 7 comments)
    5. Dash is now the 4th largest cryptocurrency in the world - Just shot past Litecoin (28 points, 7 comments)
    6. Dash has surpassed Litecoin in transaction volume (27 points, 6 comments)
    7. Why Dash Dislodged Ethereum Classic From Number 6 Place On CoinMarketCap (27 points, 3 comments)
    8. Welcome new users! Let's have an AUA (Ask Us Anything) - We will answer all your questions so fire away! (25 points, 71 comments)
    9. [IMPORTANT] DON'T just download and install the new client. You must follow the instructions! (24 points, 16 comments)
    10. Official Dash Core 12.1 Evolution Upgrade Thread (23 points, 14 comments)
  4. 495 points, 21 submissions: goto1415
    1. I did my first @Dashpay payment yesterday. I moved $100K for ~0.3 cents, and was confirmed in the next block. Bitcoin used to work that well - Roger Ver on Twitter (87 points, 23 comments)
    2. Dash #3 in Marketcap - just getting started... (47 points, 53 comments)
    3. Big Bitcoiners see the advantages of Dash (38 points, 26 comments)
    4. Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Dash Cryptocurrency w Amanda B Johnson (31 points, 3 comments)
    5. Dash Altcoin Continues Epic Bull Run; Sets Several All-Time Records - Bitcoinist.com (30 points, 0 comments)
    6. To Celebrate $100 Mark, DASH: Detailed Goes Live (29 points, 6 comments)
    7. Monero Vs. Dash, Simple Comparison (27 points, 23 comments)
    8. Bitcoin entrepreneur Charlie Shrem joins the Dash Slack. (24 points, 3 comments)
    9. Dash hits $100. Will it overtake Bitcoin? (19 points, 5 comments)
    10. Op Ed: A Closer Look Into DASH (Part 1) (19 points, 6 comments)
  5. 462 points, 21 submissions: Dashriprok
    1. Why Dash is the Most Sybil Attack-Resistant Cryptocurrency (44 points, 11 comments)
    2. Dash @ $25.23 and just past Monero for the Number 5 spot. (34 points, 10 comments)
    3. Dash to partner with BlockCypher (34 points, 0 comments)
    4. Goldmoney Accepts Dash for Purchasing Gold (31 points, 4 comments)
    5. Dash breaks $24 (27 points, 39 comments)
    6. Dash teams up with BlockPay to enable point of sale purchases in over 36 countries (26 points, 0 comments)
    7. Dash now available to Buy or Sell at "Wall of Coins" (25 points, 4 comments)
    8. Dash partners with Major exchange gains access to FIAT trading (24 points, 2 comments)
    9. Charlie Shrem Sponsors Dash MasterCard (21 points, 3 comments)
    10. Dash at 2017 North American Bitcoin Conference (Edited Version) (21 points, 12 comments)
  6. 450 points, 32 submissions: notmyby
    1. Proposal: Core Team Expansion (23 points, 5 comments)
    2. June 2016 Monthly Budget Report (22 points, 0 comments)
    3. Proposal: Business Development - Major Exchange (22 points, 13 comments)
    4. Dash Is Hiring: Front-end Developers (19 points, 3 comments)
    5. Proposal: Core Team Salaries (April) (19 points, 5 comments)
    6. Proposal: Marketing & Communication (April) (19 points, 0 comments)
    7. Proposal: Dash Offices at ASU's SkySong Innovation Center (17 points, 0 comments)
    8. Proposal: Hardware Wallets For Build And Test (16 points, 0 comments)
    9. Proposal: WebEx Premium Subscription (16 points, 2 comments)
    10. Proposal: Conferences & Travel - The North American Bitcoin Conference (14 points, 0 comments)
  7. 366 points, 25 submissions: dashpaymagazine
    1. John MCAfee meets DashNDrink - Closer shot (25 points, 0 comments)
    2. Shakepay Dash Cards: An Interview With Jean Amiouny (22 points, 4 comments)
    3. Dash with InstantSend, A New Name But The Same Ground Breaking Technology (20 points, 1 comment)
    4. Dash’s DAO At 10 Months: a Progress Report by Amanda B.J (19 points, 0 comments)
    5. Jaxx Provides A Disguise as Dash gets on iOS? (17 points, 2 comments)
    6. The DashCast Ep.02 – Interview with Amanda B. Johnson (17 points, 1 comment)
    7. Bitcoin, Dash and Litecoin Analysis (July 5) | Crypto Technical (16 points, 6 comments)
    8. Dash Scam Alert: Dash-wallet.com (16 points, 4 comments)
    9. Dash Representation At D10e San Francisco 2016 (Presentations, Time, Date, Where To Watch) (15 points, 2 comments)
    10. Dash’s PrivateSend: What makes Digital Cash Fungible (15 points, 1 comment)
  8. 350 points, 13 submissions: TrustThyself
    1. Bitcoin's Bubble vs. Dash's Killer App: Amanda B. Johnson at UNM (41 points, 23 comments)
    2. Will Cryptocurrency Ever Get Its Killer App? Amanda B. Johnson presents at Anarchapulco (41 points, 6 comments)
    3. Network Switch, General Bytes, & Testnet Slots | DASH: Detailed (39 points, 1 comment)
    4. 12.1 Support Party, Apple-Jaxx Update, & International Girls | DASH: Detailed (38 points, 6 comments)
    5. Dash Did Not Move Inverse to Bitcoin's Rocket This Week... Interesting (29 points, 1 comment)
    6. The Dash Network is Worthy of Attack! | DASH: Detailed (28 points, 5 comments)
    7. Dash Open House March 30th at SkySong with Ryan Taylor, Evan Duffield & Amanda B. Johnson. All are invited! (26 points, 4 comments)
    8. It's Q4 2016, So Where Is Bitcoin's Consumer Demand? -- Dash on Nasdaq (26 points, 7 comments)
    9. Dash Open House this Thursday in Scottsdale, AZ! (22 points, 4 comments)
    10. DASH: Detailed Investor Report #4 (20 points, 4 comments)
  9. 344 points, 20 submissions: itscrazybro
    1. Now that Apple has approved Monero, we can throw away the suspicion that we were not approved due to privacy concerns (34 points, 34 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Realises it's Centralised as Dash Votes on its Monthly Direction (27 points, 7 comments)
    3. At this rate, Dash now has a monthly budget of $120,000 USD! (26 points, 3 comments)
    4. Another article on Nasdaq, good work Wachsman PR (23 points, 1 comment)
    5. Cryptocurrencies that pay a dividend (20 points, 0 comments)
    6. Dash Releases Software Upgrade in Sweeping Redesign (20 points, 0 comments)
    7. Completing our transition to becoming a digital currency company (not just a Bitcoin company) (18 points, 5 comments)
    8. Just sold the remainder of my Bitcoin (18 points, 15 comments)
    9. I knew Evolution was a game changer but now I have experienced why it is! (17 points, 5 comments)
    10. Spend Dash – Dash's very own business directory is now online (17 points, 5 comments)
  10. 334 points, 20 submissions: TaoOfSatoshi
    1. Vitalik Buterin discusses Dash governance in The Huffington Post (31 points, 9 comments)
    2. Announcing the "Dash: The Cash Alternative" campaign! (29 points, 18 comments)
    3. Dash Nation Call To Action: RT for Dash Jaxx! (27 points, 4 comments)
    4. Reality Check: Tao Responds To Tone Vays And FluffyPony (27 points, 45 comments)
    5. CATV | Dash: More Than A Currency, It's The Beginning Of A Global Movement (22 points, 14 comments)
    6. Dash on the App Store? Currency to be integrated into Jaxx Wallet next week! (18 points, 0 comments)
    7. Dash Nation Slack reaches 700 members! (16 points, 3 comments)
    8. That's right, Roger! Dash's features are Ver-y Cool! (16 points, 7 comments)
    9. At last! At last, Dash appears on the App Store through Jaxx Wallet integration (15 points, 0 comments)
    10. Dash Update - Evan Duffield speaks about LaBitConf (14 points, 0 comments)
  11. 284 points, 13 submissions: NibiruHybrid
    1. Congrats to Amanda & Pete For Reaching 10K YouTube Subs!!!! (47 points, 4 comments)
    2. Amanda B. Johnson DASH Interview The Crypto Show Anarchapulco 2017 (26 points, 4 comments)
    3. Roger Ver list of BTC competitors he diversified into for better privacy & cheaper transaction costs DASH (25 points, 12 comments)
    4. The DASH community has sponsored MMA Fighter Davis Dos Santos for his fight at TKO MMA 38 (24 points, 13 comments)
    5. Dash, BlockPay produce POS option (23 points, 1 comment)
    6. Dash: The new Cryptocurrency player with more Features than Bitcoin - Amanda Johnson (22 points, 6 comments)
    7. Dash Partners with BlockPay to Enable Point of Sale Purchases at Brick and Mortar Stores (21 points, 0 comments)
    8. Dash Is Now the Fourth Biggest Cryptocurrency with $200m Market Cap | Finance Magnates (18 points, 6 comments)
    9. Live Chat Dash Guest Interview By Crypt0 With Amanda B. Johnson (18 points, 14 comments)
    10. Dash Market Report: DASH/BTC Sets All Time High of $74.34 (17 points, 2 comments)
  12. 277 points, 15 submissions: solowhizkid
    1. DASH Cryptocurrency Explodes To New Highs (34 points, 7 comments)
    2. Dash Is Now the Third Biggest Cryptocurrency by Market Cap - Israel News (34 points, 1 comment)
    3. Dash Partners with BlockPay, Enables PoS Payments at Physical Stores (31 points, 1 comment)
    4. Transaction to 12.1 complete, with first 12.1 superblock issued #dash_force (20 points, 2 comments)
    5. Keepkey-integrates-dash (19 points, 4 comments)
    6. Dash, the most Sybil attack resistant crypto (17 points, 2 comments)
    7. Is DASH The Future Of Cryptocurrency? (16 points, 4 comments)
    8. My Best Investment in 2017? A Dash (Digital Cash) Masternode Earned Trading Bitcoin on Poloniex? (15 points, 0 comments)
    9. Alex-ru educating and presenting Dash - Digital money for global use. (In Russian) (14 points, 0 comments)
    10. Dash to beat bitcoin (14 points, 1 comment)
  13. 210 points, 5 submissions: adiiorio
    1. Dash has joined the Jaxx family (Official Announcement) (65 points, 35 comments)
    2. Anthony Di Iorio on Twitter - "Apple just called. They want Dash removed from Jaxx. Only some coins are authorized for App Store. We're determining course of action." (45 points, 50 comments)
    3. Jaxx invites Dash to the party, previews multi-stage integration (42 points, 17 comments)
    4. Jaxx - Dash integration coming soon! (Official Announcement) (37 points, 10 comments)
    5. Dash comes to iPhone with Jaxx wallet - International Business Times (21 points, 1 comment)
  14. 191 points, 14 submissions: cryptobubble
    1. DASH/CNY pair added to BTC38.com! (18 points, 1 comment)
    2. Dash, the anonymous evolution of Bitcoin, Interview with Evan (17 points, 0 comments)
    3. Jaxx Wallet Set to Integrate DASH This Week (15 points, 0 comments)
    4. The Spells of Genesis trading card dedicated to Dash will be released today! (15 points, 3 comments)
    5. Richtopia's List of Top 100 Blockchain Organisations by Influence, Dash #47! (14 points, 0 comments)
    6. SpectroCoin adding Dash to exchange and e-wallet (14 points, 1 comment)
    7. D10e Conference Featuring John McAfee Fast Approaching (13 points, 0 comments)
    8. Node40 HowTo Guide: Edit your local Dash masternode.conf file (13 points, 0 comments)
    9. Node40 streamlines blockchain network incentivization (13 points, 0 comments)
    10. ‘DashnDrink’: Dash-Powered Vending Machine Returning for d10e (13 points, 1 comment)
  15. 188 points, 10 submissions: eric_sammons
    1. Review of the Dash Budget System, the First Blockchain-based Decentralized Governance System (26 points, 11 comments)
    2. Apple vs. Dash: The Importance of Privacy (25 points, 10 comments)
    3. The Dash Masternode Network: A Response to Critics (23 points, 6 comments)
    4. An Honest Assessment of Dash, Today’s Hottest Cryptocurrency (22 points, 10 comments)
    5. Fulfilling Satoshi’s Vision (21 points, 3 comments)
    6. Bitcoin is Sick. Will It Heal, Be Amputated, or Die? (Dash mentioned) (17 points, 2 comments)
    7. Historical Data added to DashVoteTracker.com (16 points, 2 comments)
    8. Dash: A Digital Cash System - Bitcoinist.net (15 points, 6 comments)
    9. Out of the Cryptocurrency Sandbox (14 points, 2 comments)
    10. Shifting to Cryptocurrency (9 points, 1 comment)
  16. 168 points, 10 submissions: ashmoran
    1. An under-recognised advantage of Dash over Bitcoin: it pays its own developers (24 points, 3 comments)
    2. Why running a Dash masternode is different from Bitcoin mining (22 points, 10 comments)
    3. Success to the Successful (or: why the moon is not far enough) (19 points, 24 comments)
    4. Dash as investment opportunity for Chinese savers (18 points, 14 comments)
    5. What open source Bitcoin project would you like to see ported/upgraded for Dash? (18 points, 16 comments)
    6. SegWit politics in Litecoin demonstrates why Dash's masternode voting is superior to miner voting for deciding protocol changes (16 points, 9 comments)
    7. Marketing the Dash treasury to Bitcoin project developers (15 points, 21 comments)
    8. The injustice of market cap rankings: The DAO features above Dash despite the fact The DAO does not work. Discuss :-) (14 points, 8 comments)
    9. FlokiNET: Privacy-conscious VPS provider based in Iceland who accept Dash (12 points, 4 comments)
    10. Is Dash susceptible to the "bad faith taker spy" attack to any degree? (10 points, 7 comments)
  17. 162 points, 7 submissions: bmed4u
    1. Jaxx: "Apple has accepted Dash into their App Store as an "approved" cryptocurrency" (65 points, 20 comments)
    2. Dash is far from dying (25 points, 25 comments)
    3. Dash's network has never been so secure! New ATH (1.29TH/s) (19 points, 8 comments)
    4. Welcome to our new masternode owners! New ATH= 4235 (16 points, 1 comment)
    5. Alphabay and mass adoption reputation (13 points, 7 comments)
    6. Bitcoin: They are starting to get why it is so important to incentivize nodes! (13 points, 2 comments)
    7. Dash network is able to take care of Bitcoin's transactions (11 points, 5 comments)
  18. 145 points, 6 submissions: cryptoninjas
    1. Dash now added to crypto exchange Bitfinex (49 points, 45 comments)
    2. Dash now out of beta goes LIVE on crypto hardware wallet KeepKey (28 points, 2 comments)
    3. Euro based crypto broker BitPanda integrates Dash (25 points, 8 comments)
    4. Russian largest bitcoin exchange MaRSe adds Dash (23 points, 9 comments)
    5. Bitcoin powered trading platform Whaleclub adds DASH/BTC with 3x leverage (10 points, 0 comments)
    6. GENERAL BYTES new BATMTwo Bitcoin ATMs now shipping, supports DASH (10 points, 0 comments)
  19. 142 points, 3 submissions: dashingtomars
    1. DASH Market Cap Surpasses LTC (73 points, 27 comments)
    2. DASH Breaks $30 (56 points, 51 comments)
    3. EU Parliament states Virtual Currencies cannot be anonymous (13 points, 17 comments)
  20. 138 points, 5 submissions: evand82
    1. 12.1 Announcement / Finalized Date / Project Update (47 points, 19 comments)
    2. Update on 12.1 (32 points, 6 comments)
    3. April 2016 Budget Proposal (21 points, 4 comments)
    4. Please upgrade your testnet masternodes! - 12.1 (21 points, 0 comments)
    5. Enforcement is enabled (17 points, 1 comment)
  21. 120 points, 6 submissions: alex9xxl
    1. Here's Johnny! (34 points, 15 comments)
    2. New ATH DASH/BTC! Give up Bitcoin! (32 points, 30 comments)
    3. Dash to $100 (0.08 BTC) till the end of the day? (19 points, 34 comments)
    4. Bitfinex Adds Market Trading For Dash (Again) (14 points, 9 comments)
    5. Poloniex security notice (12 points, 1 comment)
    6. Buying Dash for investment purposes (9 points, 19 comments)
  22. 116 points, 7 submissions: fearofhellz
    1. The Jaxx Wallet Now Includes Support for Dash (32 points, 2 comments)
    2. Mycelium Wallet Will Support Buying And Selling Dash (22 points, 3 comments)
    3. TigoCTM Adds Dash Support To its Cryptocurrency ATM Network (16 points, 1 comment)
    4. DASH Continues Upward Trend Across Bitcoin and Monero Markets (13 points, 0 comments)
    5. Dash Developers Focus On Fiat Gateways And Partnerships – The Merkle (12 points, 3 comments)
    6. Jaxx Developers Hint At Upcoming DASH Integration (11 points, 3 comments)
    7. DASH Price Remains Resilient Despite Lackluster Trading Volume – The Merkle (10 points, 1 comment)
  23. 116 points, 3 submissions: Hillscent
    1. Dash moves up to number 6! (52 points, 18 comments)
    2. From 100% Bitcoin to 75% Bitcoin 25% Dash (34 points, 17 comments)
    3. New All Time High Market Cap for Dash (30 points, 17 comments)
  24. 114 points, 8 submissions: SilentLennie
    1. Chris Dunn: Currency Competition & The Future Of Money (with Amanda B. Johnson) (25 points, 12 comments)
    2. Dash Youtube channel: Dash is Financial Privacy (17 points, 0 comments)
    3. The Cryptoverse: How Tax Law Applies to DASH and Masternode Operators In USA (The Cryptoverse #237) (13 points, 1 comment)
    4. 24h high is over US $100 on WorldCoinIndex (12 points, 2 comments)
    5. Dash gained the most of the top currencies the past 7 days, let's hope it continues that way (12 points, 3 comments)
    6. Genesis Mining has run out of X11 (DASH mining) (12 points, 3 comments)
    7. Why Amanda B. Johnson loves Dash (12 points, 48 comments)
    8. Dash is the solution to Bitcoin problem of privacy and speed. (11 points, 0 comments)
  25. 114 points, 5 submissions: coinwatch
    1. Dash price broke $16 (34 points, 3 comments)
    2. Oh my $51!! (27 points, 21 comments)
    3. Dash reaches all time high of $29 (26 points, 12 comments)
    4. Dash price hits $15 (15 points, 0 comments)
    5. Dash sets all time high of $39 (12 points, 4 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Basilpop (1541 points, 524 comments)
  2. Amanda_B_Johnson (1285 points, 577 comments)
  3. ashmoran (480 points, 194 comments)
  4. Bitcoin_Chief (368 points, 142 comments)
  5. tungfa (367 points, 204 comments)
  6. wackyD1982 (313 points, 147 comments)
  7. SilentLennie (281 points, 134 comments)
  8. thedesertlynx (281 points, 102 comments)
  9. IronVape (258 points, 84 comments)
  10. MasterMined710 (251 points, 164 comments)
  11. TaoOfSatoshi (250 points, 108 comments)
  12. thesleepthief (229 points, 86 comments)
  13. __technoir__ (222 points, 56 comments)
  14. Pink-Fish (211 points, 109 comments)
  15. TheDashGuy (189 points, 81 comments)
  16. taushet (185 points, 72 comments)
  17. davebazzel (185 points, 64 comments)
  18. newhampshire22 (175 points, 57 comments)
  19. stealth923 (163 points, 39 comments)
  20. Dashriprok (156 points, 61 comments)
  21. dashtipbot (151 points, 141 comments)
  22. NibiruHybrid (150 points, 50 comments)
  23. MrNotSoRight (148 points, 72 comments)
  24. adiiorio (138 points, 32 comments)
  25. Technologov (132 points, 51 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Why dash REALLY exploded in price by ChooseAgodAndPray (94 points, 85 comments)
  2. I did my first @Dashpay payment yesterday. I moved $100K for ~0.3 cents, and was confirmed in the next block. Bitcoin used to work that well - Roger Ver on Twitter by goto1415 (87 points, 23 comments)
  3. DASH Market Cap Surpasses LTC by dashingtomars (73 points, 27 comments)
  4. Dash has joined the Jaxx family (Official Announcement) by adiiorio (65 points, 35 comments)
  5. Apple. We're Digital Currency Experts Now. by Amanda_B_Johnson (65 points, 25 comments)
  6. Jaxx: "Apple has accepted Dash into their App Store as an "approved" cryptocurrency" by bmed4u (65 points, 20 comments)
  7. DASH’s. Best. Day. Yet. | DASH: Detailed by Amanda_B_Johnson (62 points, 31 comments)
  8. (Pre-Proposal) DASHPayCard - DASH Branded Debit Card + Fiat/Dash Integration by Bitcoin_Charlie (61 points, 36 comments)
  9. DASH Breaks $30 by dashingtomars (56 points, 51 comments)
  10. Dash hits $100 by SatoshiRoshi (54 points, 55 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 30 points: deleted's comment in Welcome new users! Let's have an AUA (Ask Us Anything) - We will answer all your questions so fire away!
  2. 24 points: Bitcoin_Chief's comment in Tone Vays predicts that someone is going to hack and take all of the dash out of the masternodes(1:18:30).
  3. 24 points: EncryptionPrincess's comment in 'Ask ABJ!' -- Amanda Answers 18 Questions From Viewers
  4. 24 points: Jaxx_adiiorio's comment in Jaxx on Twitter: "This weekend we're giving away 200 DASH ($2400US), to participate have Jaxx installed (all but iOS) & @Dashpay wallet active. More into to come."
  5. 22 points: COHthebestRTS's comment in 18 Dollar Hype!
  6. 22 points: __technoir__'s comment in 'We're Doing the Planning That Takes Us to 1 Billion" - Ryan Taylor, Dash Director of Finance
  7. 22 points: stealth923's comment in Tone Vays predicts that someone is going to hack and take all of the dash out of the masternodes(1:18:30).
  8. 21 points: Stereoscopic_Salute's comment in Where are you coming from newcomers?
  9. 20 points: Basilpop's comment in Yea baby, congrats for the $100M market cap!
  10. 20 points: wsmithston's comment in With current price Dash's budget allows us to hire 70 developers/testers with 120k$/year salary. No other cryptocurrency can achieve this level of independence from third parties (like Blockstream in BTC).
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Ads for 2017-03-03 (1 / 2)

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nottheonion Sports Vandals Mistakenly Target Their Own Team Target
worldnews US Attorney General Jeff Sessions quits Russia probe - BBC News BBC
movies Ghost In The Shell - Stop trying to be clever, Google Shell
Documentaries LONDON CALLING: BBC bias during the 2014 Scottish Independence referendum 2016 BBC
gaming So I finally got my Xbox one working by getting an HDMI TV. But I found in my games ready to be installed a copy of XenoVerse 2 What is the deal not that I'm complaining? Xbox
Jokes Why do they call it a Xbox 360? Xbox
Showerthoughts We all grew up somewhere between A for Apple and A for Anal. Apple
AskReddit Redditors of the United Kingdom, how do you feel about a US billionaire secretly supporting Brexit? United
explainlikeimfive ELI5: Google Home - The mechanics behind asking this device a question, and getting the right answer Google
AskReddit What's the funniest, loveliest or most savage Twitter exchange you've ever seen? Twitter
movies Kong’s Skull Island is Now on Google Maps Google
Showerthoughts Whenever I think of posting on askreddit I remember they created Google for a reason... Google
Futurology ​Uber changes course, applies for CA self-driving permit - After a botched rollout of its autonomous vehicles in San Francisco and months of refusing to get a state permit, Uber says it will now follow the rules. Uber
television If Disney prides itself on being family-friendly, then why does subsidiary ABC put so much sex in their programming? ABC
videos Every Facebook recipe video ever Facebook
Music Rex Orange County - Japan Indie Rock hard to classify genre... Orange
funny The United States of SPIRALING MADNESS United
pics Where I work, Today in Newport Beach Newport
dataisbeautiful Distribution of Annual Personal Income in the United States for persons aged 15 and up, 2015 OC United
funny Bone Apple Tea Apple
todayilearned TIL that the song in the Facebook friendship anniversary videos and the song in the Pixel phone ad on YouTube were made by the same group. Facebook
videos My dad's Uber driver got into a fight with a biker who ran into his vehicle... Uber
AskReddit Reddit, why didn't you tell me Planet Earth 2 had started on BBC America? BBC
news Bitcoin tops gold for first time ever - BBC News BBC
gaming Painting a Playstation White Let's Fix It Playstation
worldnews China congress: BBC team forced to sign confession - They were then joined by some uniformed police officers and two officials from the local foreign affairs office, and under the threat of further violence, we were made to delete some of our footage and forced to sign the confession. BBC
AskReddit You have access to Donald Trump's Twitter account and only have time to send one tweet. What do you say? Twitter
listentothis Haley Davis -- Ruin Us Mellow Indie Rock 2016 I found this on a Google Play Music playlist. Google
videos Mr. Rogers on Late Night February 17, 1982; Every part is hilarious, entertaining and a tad nostalgic. Rogers
AskReddit Who would you cast in an all-female re-boot of Fresh Prince of Bell Air? Bell
AskReddit How are Americans actually perceived outside of the United States? United
Showerthoughts I usually don't even bother looking at the second page of Google search results, because I assume they're useless. Google
news China congress: BBC team forced to sign confession BBC
personalfinance Trying to build my credit. Should I increase my credit limit on my secured credit cards by $300 each for a total of $600 or should I open a new secured credit card through Discover with the same $600? Discover
photoshopbattles PsBattle: The Orange Pointer Orange
videos Neil drGrasse Tyson simply explains dimensions and how our perception of them works. Tyson
todayilearned TIL IBM helped Nazi Germany by creating identification and cataloging programs for them. IBM
videos Maggie Rogers live on Jimmy Fallon. Shes not our little secret anymore. Rogers
worldnews Palmyra: Syrian forces 'completely retake' IS-held town - BBC News BBC
gadgets Tampa Auto Show - 2017 Chevrolet Camaro Chevrolet
personalfinance Switch to Chase for $500 promotion? Chase
mildlyinteresting Completely Hollow Apple Core Apple
todayilearned TIL the European Ford Taunus was replaced by the Cortina, which was replaced by the Sierra, which was replaced by the Mondeo. The American version of the Mondeo, the Fusion, replaced the Ford Taurus. Ford
pics India: Fried Lizard found in french fries at McDonald's Outlet Kolkata McDonald's
Documentaries Climate Change 1991 - In 1991, Shell Oil Company Produced a Documentary Warning About Climate Change. This is the Documentary that Shell Doesn't Want You to See. Shell
television Meet Big Mandy - This Country: Episode 2 - BBC Three BBC
history Amazon forest 'shaped by pre-Columbian indigenous peoples' - BBC News BBC
news Another 32 Million Yahoo Accounts Breached Yahoo
pics x-post from analog: Wine on a Winter evening in the heart of Tuscany Mamiya Rb67ProS / Sekor C 90mm f3.8/ Fujifilm ISO 160 Fujifilm
gaming GameStop stock price tanks after Microsoft announces new digital-gaming service Microsoft
pics Saw this at Target today. Clock Cover or Penis Mold? Target
AskReddit Serious Redditors who use a Google Pixel, what's your honest review? Google
Art [Saadhu Watercolor with Gouache BG
worldnews Kim Jong-nam death: Malaysia releases North Korean detainee - BBC News BBC
todayilearned TIL Japan Traditionally Celebrates Christmas with KFC Fried Chicken KFC
funny Every old man's Facebook profile picture. Facebook
Music When is Ed Sheeran's Divide coming out on Google Play? Google
AskReddit What are some tax opportunities a university student can take advantage of in the United States? United
videos 80s McDonald's commercial, moon man McDonald's
explainlikeimfive ELI5: Why does a quick Google search say that only 100 million people speak Urdu, when the population of Pakistan is nearly 200 million people? Google
IAmA AMA REQUEST Lego DesigneMaster Builder Lego
gaming No Man's Sky creator describes issues with launch, crashes, money. Sky
gaming DBZ Xenoverse 2 Free Play weekend on Xbox One. Download and play for free until Monday. Xbox
news Cops ID two nabbed in parachuting stunt off Hilton hotel in SF Hilton
news High Speed Chase Los Angeles - live Chase
worldnews China congress: BBC team forced to sign confession - BBC News BBC
explainlikeimfive ELI5: why does the Subaru BRZ and Toyota GT86 look like identical cars? Surely someone ripped off the others design? Toyota
explainlikeimfive ELI5: why does the Subaru BRZ and Toyota GT86 look like identical cars? Surely someone ripped off the others design? Subaru
mildlyinteresting "Most Popular Google Searches by State, 2016", courtesy of Drew Fairweather @drewtoothpaste on Twitter. Google
sports Manchester United midfielder Michael Carrick ready to retire if no deal is offered United
Jokes Q: Is Google male or female? Google
explainlikeimfive ELI5: Why do US immigration slips and visa forms continue to ask if the traveller is associated with or plans to commit terrorism in the United States? Surely no one ticks yes? United
Jokes Is Google a he or a she ? Google
gaming First console I've bought since Xbox 360 Xbox
worldnews Bitcoin value tops gold for first time - BBC News BBC
explainlikeimfive ELI5: How do free apps and websites like snapchat and Facebook gain the traction during their startup days to one day be worth billions? Facebook
gaming My Customized Xbox One Controller Xbox
mildlyinteresting This Philippines Star Wars Lego Knockoff Lego
gaming Hilariously Fucked-Up Fanfictions Giantess Lammy X Parappa: Big-Step-Sisterly Fuckery and Giantess Toriel X Asriel: Motherly Fuckery Official Youtube audiobooks by the original writer; listen if your sexy little brain dares Youtube
funny Added my buddy on Facebook and before he accepted, this was the only picture I could see Facebook
todayilearned TIL that in Portuguese McDonald's you can have beer with your meal. This is the case in several EU countries but not UK. McDonald's
Documentaries Hashish Kingpin2017: Meet Lebanon's Drug Lord - BBC News BBC
Jokes Why did Microsoft skip Windows 9? Microsoft
funny High speed chase in Louisiana ends with Toyota Tacoma flying.. Toyota
funny Like Warm Apple Pie Apple
AskReddit Which is best 2TB HDD? WD Blue 2B or Seagate Barracuda 2TB? Seagate
gaming Screenshot When your Playstation 4 doesn't want you to play horizon zero dawn Playstation
pics Was checking out Los Angeles Sunset boulevard in Google earth street view and seen this place across from The Comedy Store. Used to be The House Of Blues and was purposely built to look run-down like that. It only closed down two years ago and now seems like it's been abandonned for decades. Google
worldnews Young woman, 23, selling old clothes on eBay shocked when bidder asked to buy her DIRTY KNICKERS eBay
worldnews Trump defends under-fire Attorney General Jeff Sessions - BBC News BBC
worldnews Sir Bruce Forsyth spends five nights in intensive care - BBC News BBC
news More than 100 diners flee Spanish restaurant without paying - BBC News BBC
Futurology Virgin Galactic spins off dedicated satellite launch company - "put satellites into space using a rocket deployed from under the wings of a Boeing 747-400." Boeing
personalfinance Two weeks after transferring funds from my ADP Aline card to my personal debit card, the funds have still not shown up. I'm confused and don't know what to do, and ADP is being no help whatsoever ADP
mildlyinteresting This Subway Platform Has Speed Dating to Keep You Busy While You Wait Subway
news China congress: BBC team forced to sign confession BBC
pics Was checking out Los Angeles Sunset boulevard in Google earth street view and saw this place across from The Comedy Store. Used to be The House Of Blues and was purposely built to look run-down like that. It only closed two years ago and now seems like it's been abandonned for decades. Google
worldnews There is no economic case for breaking up the United Kingdom, says PM May United
AskReddit What is the minimum amount a non-profit not for profit organization in the United States must donate? United
space Virgin Galactic spins off dedicated satellite launch company - "put satellites into space using a rocket deployed from under the wings of a Boeing 747-400." Boeing
todayilearned TIL PwC Canada created a card game called "Game of Threats" to teach executives about cyber security. PwC
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AskReddit The #3 paid app in the Apple App Store right now is a faxing app, which begs the question: which industries are still using fax machines? Apple
gaming AMD Ryzen 7: Intel is staggering under Ryzens blow, but its not out of the running yet, or so the critics say Intel
listentothis The Delta Riggs - June Gloom Alternative Rock / Indie Rock 2016 Delta
news Lost "Bullitt" Ford Mustang allegedly found in Mexico Ford
mildlyinteresting Saw this clock at Target last night. Target
worldnews Taxi app Uber loses UK court battle which could cost it London drivers Uber
Futurology Uber applying for California self-driving permit - BBC News BBC
worldnews China congress: BBC team forced to sign confession BBC
AskReddit Sandwich artists/gurus of reddit, what are some amazing Subway builds? Subway
funny This is just a "SuperHot" Youtube Gamer ! So funny! Youtube
worldnews UK government 'minded' to refer Fox's Sky deal to regulator Sky
space Materials Finish Line Looms for Google Lunar XPrize Finalists Google
space Finish Line Looms for Google Lunar XPrize Finalists Google
explainlikeimfive ELI5: Why are we unable to do a dna test on foods like KFC & McDonalds to find out what's really in them? KFC
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worldnews Lizard found in McDonald's food, woman lodges complaint McDonald's
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news Dishwasher becomes part-owner of top restaurant Noma - BBC News BBC
gaming Switch Launch Calgary AB Walmart Sage Hill Walmart
gaming Benefits of living in a small town. Found both at Walmart this morning before work. Walmart
Futurology South Africa's giant Aeroswift 3D printer could be used by Airbus & Boeing for titanium aircraft parts Boeing
Futurology South Africa's giant Aeroswift 3D printer could be used by Airbus & Boeing for titanium aircraft parts Airbus
funny When McDonald's Is So Big That They Own Fu*#ing Temples! McDonald's
news Priority health code violations at Publix go unreported Publix
news Murdoch's Fox seeks EU okay for $14.4 billion Sky takeover bid Sky
gaming Microsoft kicks the doors open to self-publishing on Xbox One Xbox
pics Only in Florida. Blue hair mistakes break for gas pedal, drives on top of Corvette in Walmart parking lot Walmart
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worldnews The BP oil spill led scientists to discover 60 new animal species living in the Gulf of Mexico BP
AskReddit Can someone tell me what media mongul or other power person/company Uber pissed off to get so much bad publicity lately? Uber
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pics Often forgotten gem of the United States, the US Virgin Islands. United
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gaming Oh, so that's why No Man's Sky failed Sky
news Battered Toshiba to exit plans to build nuclear plants in India, UK Toshiba
OldSchoolCool Alexander Graham Bell circa 1914. Happy birthday AGB! Bell
space Neil DeGrasse Tyson - Welcome to the Universe: An Astrophysical Tour Tyson
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Documentaries Sir John Betjeman - A Passion for Churches 1974 " BBC television documentary written and presented by the then Poet Laureate Sir John Betjeman" BBC
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videos A beautiful message to Mexico from Taleb D. Rifai, Secretary-General of the United Nations' World Tourism Organization United
movies Lost "Bullitt" Ford Mustang allegedly found in Mexico Ford
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food I Ate IKEA Meatballs! IKEA
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nottheonion Milwaukee Man Receives Cease and Desist Letter from Senator Johnson's office Johnson's
UpliftingNews In 2005, Coca-Cola set out to return all of the water used in its products back to nature and communities by the year 2020. It met this goal five years early in 2015. Coca-Cola
worldnews 'First chemical attack' in Mosul battle injures twelve - BBC News BBC
videos Hey guys, here's a YouTube repost of the refurbished Google Pixel packaging video. Sorry for originally using streamable, didn't think it'd blow up this big and that the player would be that bad for some people. And no, Google hasn't publicly addressed these reports/contacted me yet, surprisingly. Google
sports Reason #147 why ESPN sucks ESPN
AskReddit What one thing would you search on Google 100 years in the future? Google
gaming No Man's Sky creator describes issues with launch, crashes, money Sky
AskReddit Which is best McDonald's or Pizza Hut? McDonald's
movies Hey everyone, if we can get at least 0.058% of this subreddit to support the LEGO Geonosis Arena Set on Lego Ideas, it will be reviewed by LEGO and might be turned into a set! Lego
WritingPrompts IP Sky Galleons of Mars Sky
todayilearned TIL Airbus brand not only makes commercial airplanes but also started in the military market in the 1990s Airbus
AskReddit Any one received Google Assistant other than US or UK and if yes then how? Google
food homemade Apple turnovers Apple
AskReddit Immigrants to the United States: what type of challenges did you face? What do you like best\least about this country? Why did you choose to immigrate? How did you feel about moving? United
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How to Easily MINE BITCOINS in 2016 (2000$/Month) Top 100 Best Songs of 2016 - YouTube All Alternative Chart Videos - YouTube Best Crypto Sites - YouTube Bitcoin Song English

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